By Fredrick Kunkle
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, November 16, 2007; B01
Virginia wildlife officials have joined a multistate investigation
into the illegal buying, selling and possession of foxes and coyotes for
use on private training preserves where hunters pay to run their
After surprise inspections Sunday of 41 training preserves, Virginia
game officials temporarily closed 31 for alleged violations of the
permits that allowed the organizations to keep the animals on their
properties, Col. Mike Bise, chief of law enforcement in Virginia's
Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, said yesterday.
Some of the violations appear to involve only minor and inadvertent
lapses in record-keeping, but others could result in state or federal
criminal charges against the operators, Bise said. He would not identify
the operations whose permits were suspended.
Many of the preserves are mom-and-pop operations across rural
Virginia where fox hunters pay a small fee to train their dogs in fenced
compounds that range in size from 100 acres to almost 1,000 acres, Bise
said. The object is generally not to kill the fox but to follow the
chase by listening to the pack of baying hounds. But evidently so many
foxes had been dying at some training preserves that officials became
concerned about their conditions and worried that an interstate fox
trade had sprung up, Bise said.
William Goodman, who has been operating the Rolling Hills Fox Pen in
Virginia's Louisa County for 35 years, said the state has overreacted to
the excesses of the biggest operators by shutting down almost all
training facilities. He said he and his wife Frances' permit was
suspended because game officials could not find records of addresses for
every dog owner who used his facility.
"They're trying to paint a picture that we're slaughtering foxes,"
Goodman said. "The idea is not to kill a fox. A dead fox won't run."
Officers in Alabama's Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division,
which began an investigation two years ago that now spans the Southeast,
said they arrested 18 people Sunday in Alabama as part of "Operation
Foxote" and seized 55 foxes, 25 coyotes, two bobcats, 33 cardinals and
one moonshine still.
Allan Andress, chief of law enforcement for the Alabama Wildlife and
Fisheries Division, echoed concerns that the larger operations were
violating regulations about conducting field trials so that the animals
sometimes died, thereby creating a market that paid as much as $100 per
"I can't say that they intentionally let the dogs rip into the
animals, because every animal killed is more money lost," Andress said.
"It's really not in their best interest to catch the animal."
But Andress said some operations may have been earning "over six
figures" a year by charging as much as $25 per dog or allowing too many
dogs in the preserve at once.
Goodman, 57, who keeps about a dozen foxes on a 210-acre property in
Bumpass, Va., said hunters pay $2 a day to run their dogs inside the
compound, and his foxes are never harmed. He said one of his foxes is 14
Some English-style foxhunting clubs from Virginia's horse country
have trained their foxhounds at his facility over the years, but most of
his clientele are local hunters who haul their foxhounds into the woods
in the back of a pickup and follow the chase on foot, seldom, if ever,
killing the fox.
Goodman said his foxes can roam widely in the compound and eat well
enough -- about 300 pounds of dog food a week -- that they've become too
fat and happy to kill the rabbits in the enclosure. "They're taken care
of better than in the wild," he said, adding that he even worms them
from time to time.
But Goodman was critical of larger operations across the state,
saying they have turned a country pastime into big business, with one
operator charging as much as $30 per dog and holding field trials with
as many as 800 dogs.
"What it amounts to is, we've got a little country store, and he's
the Wal-Mart," Goodman said.