Non-Violent/Non-Lethal Strategies
















A common misconceptions about non-lethal methods is that they could work only in conjunction with the lethal methods, but cannot replace them.  Lethal proponents argue that non-lethal methods can hold a deer population steady, but cannot reduce it, and therefore, the deer population has to be culled first, then stabilized by contraception.   Not so.  Contraception researcher Frank Verret wrote, "The vaccine has successfully reduced the number of deer on Fire Island in New York by 50 percent over seven years, and by 40 percent at the National Institute of Standards and Technology campus in Gaithersburg, Maryland, over the past five years." /  An initially high deer population can be sustained by feeding if warranted, until it naturally declines to the desired density, then keep steady from then on by selective contraception.  Not a single deer needs to die in the process. 


Last but not least, there is the brand new deer relocation technology known as the Deer Auto-Conveyor (DAC), which can convey deer from Point A to Point Z, without direct manipulation of the deer, including capture, tranquilization and transportation, thus avoiding the stress-caused mortality rate of conventional relocation methods.




PA Community Vetoes Urban Bow Hunt; Sets Example

Cornell U.: Deer Damage Management Fact Sheet

Coexisting with Urban Deer - Detailed Fact Sheet

Kansas State U. - Deer Damage Control Options

Women Favor Non-Lethal Methods & Other Preferences

Cedar Rapids Gazette Op-Ed on Non-Lethal Strategy

National Sustainable Agriculture - Dee Control Options

Suburban & Urban Deer Management in Mississippi

Deer Management in Urban and Suburban New York


Lethal vs Non-Lethal Strategies - Pros and Cons

Managing Urban Deer; Barriers or Bridges

Non-Lethal Alternative in Urban Deer Control

Summary of Urban Deer Management Methods

Translocation as Means of Population Control

Alternative Non-Lethal Control Methods

MD DNR - Non-Lethal Management Techniques

Chemistry-Based Tools for Wildlife Management

Strieter Lite - Smithers, British Columbia Report