White Bedstraw or Wild Madder (Galium mollugo)
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Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake
White Bedstraw or Wild Madder (Galium mollugo)

(Bedstraw, White - 01)  There are about 60 species of bedstraw in North America.  One of the most common species in our area of the country is called wild madder or white bedstraw.  The white bedstraw is a member of the Madder family, Rubiaceae.




(Bedstraw, White - 01a)  To the casual passer-by, the myriad of tiny (1/8 inch) flowers of the white bedstraw tend to blur the details of this wild flower.  This fluffy characteristic of white bedstraw encouraged colonists to import it from Europe as a bedding material for themselves and cattle.






(Bedstraw, White - 02)  Each tiny 1/8 inch white bedstraw flower has 4 petals, 4 stamens, and 2 pistils.  The white bedstraw bloom from May to September.  Other species of bedstraw may have yellow or purple flowers, but their other characteristics are similar.




(Bedstraw, White - 03)  This is one of the many flower clusters on the white bedstraw.  White bedstraw have vine-like stems that are one to three feet long.




(Bedstraw, White - 03a)  This photo gives us a closer look at some of the white bedstraw flowers and buds in a cluster.  The more mature flowers have dark colored anthers on the top of their stamens.







(Bedstraw, White - 04)  This is another look at a portion of a white bedstraw stem with its many flower clusters, most of which are still in their bud stage of development.




(Bedstraw, White - 04a)  This photo shows more clearly how the white bedstraw flower clusters grow from the leaf axils.






(Bedstraw, White - 05)  The small, narrow leaves of the white bedstraw grow in whorls along the entire length of the stem.





(Bedstraw, White - 06)  This is another look at the whorled leaf structure of the white bedstraw.





(Bedstraw, White - 06a)  This is a close-up of the new-growth leaves of the white bedstraw damp with the morning dew.







(Bedstraw, White - 07)  This is another look at the young growth of white bedstraw stems and leaves as they begin to branch from the leaf axils.






(Bedstraw, White - 07a)  This is a closer look at the way the white bedstraw's new branching stems grow from the leaf axil.








| Wild Flowers of SHL: Photo Identification, Common Name, Scientific Name | Art and Photos |

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