Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

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And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day" (Genesis 1:31)
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Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

This is an endangered wildflower and should not be picked or dug up.
(click on the photos or links to enlarge)

(Bloodroot - 06) The leaf of the bloodroot is wrapped around the flower bud as it emerges from the ground in early spring.  The leaf doesn't fully expand until after the flower has bloomed.  Pictured is a newly opened flower with its petals not fully expanded, as is the flower in the next photo.  Since all of the bloodroot don't open at the same time, we always look for the leaf to confirm our identification of the flower.
(Bloodroot - 01) The bloodroot is a member of the poppy family.  Its single flower can have from 5 to 9 lobes or petals and can be as large as 4 cm. (1-1/2") across.   The pictured bloodroot flower was only about 2 cm. across.  The short-lived bloom only opens in full sunlight.
(Bloodroot - 02) This fully matured bloodroot flower has completely filled in the space between its petals, as compared with the immature flower in the first photo.  The bloodroot, an endangered wild flower, in this particular area were nearly destroyed by workers trying to give the park a more "manufactured beauty" than the one that God had given it.  These were the first bloodroots we had seen in this area in many years.  We cannot improve on God's work!
(Bloodroot - 03) The bloodroot has a solitary leaf and is relatively easy to spot in the early spring.  Once we find the flower and locate the bloodroot leaf, we try to look at it once a day until blooming stops.  This one does not appear to have had a flower, or it was picked before it matured.  Most of the bloodroot leaves we have observed have been about 3 inches across and very close to the ground; however, the literature says that they can grow as tall as 12 inches.
(Bloodroot - 04) The bloodroot has a single flower and stock which begins as a bud close to the leaf stem, as pictured in this matured plant. The root of the bloodroot has a reddish colored juice, which gives the plant its name, for when it's cut it appears to be bleeding.  The Native Americans used the juice as an insect repellant, for the treatment of fungus infections such as ringworm, and for the treatment of rheumatism.  In early American medicine, the blood root was used as an expectorant in treating bronchitis and asthma.  Let us strive to preserve these wonders of God's creation for all future generations.
(Bloodroot - 07)  One of the first spring wildflowers that we see is the bloodroot.  They push their way up through the fallen leaves of last autumn.
(Bloodroot - 08)  The white petals of this bloodroot are dark veined.  The still curled leaf can be seen in the background.
(Bloodroot - 09)  This is the first time that we have been able to take a photo of the bloodroot flower as it opens from the top of the cone shaped wrapping of the leaf.
(Bloodroot - 10)  This is a side view of the bloodroot flower after it has fully emerged from the leaf wrapping.  The leaf has also unrolled but has not fully opened.
(Bloodroot - 10a)  This is a close-up side view of the center of the bloodroot flower with its single pistil and many stamens.
(Bloodroot - 11)  Since the leaf of the bloodroot develops slower than the flower, it is easy to mistake which leaves belong to this flower.  Note the deeply lobed leaf in the shadows to the right of the left flower.  This is the bloodroot leaf; the other leaves belong to another plant.
(Bloodroot - 12)  This is a closer look at the bloodroot flower in the previous photo and it's distinctive deeply multi-lobed leaf that is growing among another plant's leaves.
(Bloodroot - 13)  We spotted this patch of newly opening bloodroot along the side of the road in the early spring of 2007.
(Bloodroot - 13a)  This is the first time we've been able to photograph a bloodroot with more than 9 petals.  Previously we had reported that the literature stated that bloodroot have between 5 and 9 petals, but as we can see in this photo, the bottom bloodroot flower has 12 petals.  We are amazed at no matter how much scientists think they know, God always has a way of showing His presence by presenting something new, just as we are told in Romans 1:20.
(Bloodroot - 14)  This is another look at a bloodroot with 12 petals.
(Bloodroot - 14a)  In this bee's eye view of the bloodroot flower, we have a better view of the stamen and pistils.
(Bloodroot - 15)  This is another look at the bloodroot.
(Bloodroot - 15a)  This is another bee's eye view of the bloodroot stamen and pistils.
(Bloodroot - 16) We took this and the following bloodroot photos on 11 Apt 2010.
(Bloodroot - 16a) Note that we can easily see the separate leaf and flower stems of the lower bloodroot flower growing up from the root.
(Bloodroot - 17) This is another photo of the bloodroot flower.
(Bloodroot - 18) This is a top view of a bloodroot flower growing out of the center of the still curled leaf.
(Bloodroot - 19) This is another side view of the twin stems of the the bloodroot flower and leaf.
(Bloodroot - 19a) The is a close up view of the underside of the bloodroot leaf as it still wraps around the flower.
(Bloodroot - 20) This is another side view of the bloodroot flower and leaf.
(Bloodroot - 21) This is the last of the bloodroot flower photos we took this day. There is real joy in observing the intricate details that God placed in His creations, particularly when we cause no harm.