Forty Years of Fraud:
Forty Years of Fraud:
Death, Birth, and Mortality
The eight primate centers (these statistics are based on progress reports filed with the NIH/NCRR by each facility) collectively imprisoned 25,094 primates in 1999. 3000 of these primates died (1367 during experimentation, 1633 of "natural" causes).
During 1999 3463 primates were born at these labs. However, many of the primates born at these facilities do not live. One example would be the colony at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. During 1999 there were 203 births at the UW. Sixteen of these were stillbirths. Forty-four more primates died while very young. This works out to an infant mortality rate of 30%. While this seems high, it is not the worst. At Harvard/New England Regional Primate Research Center (NERPRC) 223 primates were born during 1999. However, the facility lists doing necropsies (post-mortem reports) on 125 neonatal animals. That works out to an infant mortality rate of 56%. The California Regional Primate Research Center at the University of California, Davis had 572 births in 1999. However there were at least 131 deaths of young animals. This is an infant mortality rate of 23%.
Overall death rates at the primate centers vary significantly from facility to facility. However, the research colony at the Yerkes Primate Center (affiliated with Emory University) has the highest non-experimental death rate – at 300. 14.6% of the animals in this colony died of non-experimental causes. In the breeding colony at Yerkes 75 primates died of non-experimental causes. In total 375 primates died of disease, trauma, and similar causes at Yerkes. A death rate of this magnitude must raise questions about the animal care, or the lack thereof, at Yerkes. Other facilities with high non-experimental death rates include the breeding colonies at the University of Washington (10.9%), Harvard/NERPRC (11.0%), the breeding colony at Tulane (9.1%), and the research colony at the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research (7.5%).
The primates at these facilities suffer from diseases such as: pneumonia, enteritis, encephalitis, hepatitis, and many other pathological conditions. In some instances these diseases are caused by the very experiments in which the primates are used. In other instances the primates fall victim to stress or inadequate care.
Another area of concern is the death rate for primates during experimentation. High experimental death rates can have many causes including: highly invasive experimentation, poorly trained staff and investigators, etc. The research colonies of three facilities had experimental death rates in excess of 18%: Oregon Regional Primate Research Center (18.1%), Tulane Regional Primate Research Center (18.4%), and the Washington Regional Primate Research Center (18.6%).
Vital Statistics This Section:
Adult Death & Infant Mortality Statistics
For the Regional Primate Research Centers
CRPRC – California Regional Primate Research
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