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Stop Animal Exploitation NOW!
S. A. E. N.
"Exposing the truth to wipe out animal experimentation"

Articles and Reports

The Primate Experimentation Scandal, 2005: An Investigative Report
By Michael A. Budkie, A.H.T., Executive Director, SAEN

Appendix E

UC Davis Primate Necropsy Data:

583 total primates died at UC Davis during the 2002 – 2003 reporting period. However to examine these deaths in any systematic way they must be subdivided into more meaningful sub-categories. 147 of these deaths involved stillbirths, neonatal deaths, or deaths of primates whose lives totaled only a few days or months. 123 adult primates died of natural causes or were euthanized for medical reasons. 318 primates were killed during experimentation, and/or necropsied per experimental protocol.

However, before more detailed examinations are begun there is a much more basic question that must be addressed. The annual report filed by the California Primate Research Center listed the deaths of 258 primates from either experimental or natural causes. However, this same report discusses performing necropsies (post-mortems) on 560 primates. Additionally, when we obtained documents from the California Primate Research Center (CPRC) for deaths of center animals we received records for the deaths of 583 primates. And the disagreements go much further. The records provided to SAEN by the CPRC covered the deaths of 123 adults from non-experimental causes, and 318 adults from experimental causes (or necropsied per experimental protocol). If operating under the assumption that only adults were counted, even these numbers don’t correspond to the statistics reported by the CPRC. Apparently, CPRC staff are mathematically impaired, or dishonest.

Experimental Deaths

318 primates at the CPRC are listed as experimental deaths/necropsied per experimental protocol. 19% (60 were either inanated or severely thin); 17% (29) were listed as dehydrated. 36% (115) suffered from lymphadenopathy and 25% (79) suffered from splenomegaly. 17% (54) suffered from gastrointestinal tract diseases. Other disease conditions in this population of primates included: pneumonia, meningitis, jaundice, endometriosis and lung mites. Again, it is very clear that these animals have been allowed to progress to an unacceptably severe endpoint for the pathological conditions which brought about their deaths.

Infant Primate Deaths

During the reporting period for this examination there were 142 infant/neonatal deaths at the CPRC. This contrasts with 646 total births. This computes to a 22% infant mortality rate. Additionally, in the older cases of infant deaths (non-stillbirth/non-fetal) over half were suffering from inanition (severe weight loss) or dehydration (26 of 47/25 of 47). These symptoms are indicative of serious conditions that have progressed to a catastrophic conclusion. In other words, these animals were allowed to suffer needlessly because their conditions progressed to an unnecessarily severe ending. Apparently either their decline was totally unnoticed, or their conditions were ignored until they were found dead.

Deaths from Natural Causes/Medical Cull

During the reporting period 123 adult primates died of natural causes or were euthanized for humane reasons. 37% (46) had reached an advanced state of inanition (serious weight loss) 32% (39) were severely dehydrated. Again, this indicates that disease conditions are being allowed to progress much too far without adequate veterinary intervention. Many of these animals are listed simply as “found dead in cage” with no clinical history. In other words, they were seriously ill without receiving any veterinary care. A 3-year and 9-month old primate was necropsied on 1/15/03. This unfortunate animal has lost 40% of her body weight in a period of 22 days. Another primate was necropsied on 8/27/02. She had lost 34% of her body weight in a period of weeks. A third primate was necropsied on 8/6/02. He had lost 42% of his body weight in a period of less than one month. Clearly these animals are being neglected up to the point of death.

Other serious conditions existed in this population of animals at CPRC. 38% (47) of these animals were suffering from gastro-intestinal tract disease. Fully 13 of these primates had suffered serious physical trauma. One primate is listed as being found dead in cage after surgery (clear negligence and lack of observation). Other serious disease conditions in this primate population included: pneumonia, peritonitis, lung mites, bloat, and endometriosis.

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