Funding for primate experimentation is at an all time high with the overall estimate for federal spending on primate experimentation (including spending by the NIH, DOD, USDA, EPA, NSF, SBIR) is $1.6 billion. The number of primate grants funded by the National Institutes of Health has risen 67% in the last ten years. The funding of the Primate Research Center System has risen 379%% in the last six years to eclipse the $1 Billion mark.
Funding statistics for the two most commonly used primate species (macaques & baboons – accounting for over 93% of all primate experimentation) show that the majority of experimentation funded by the National Institutes of Health are not relevant to two of the most common killers of Americans, Heart Disease and Cancer.
Funding statistics also show that an extremely high level of duplication exists in many areas of experimentation, with some types of projects (in a cross-section of primate species) being funded as much as 182 times simultaneously at an estimated cost of $63,700,000. Other areas of duplication exist with respect of other issues, cumulative total of duplicative studies for the two most commonly used primate species reaches $266 million per year, or 17%.
Primate experimentation statistics promulgated by the USDA show an increase of 24% in primate use in a ten-year period (1995 – 2004). The comparison of USDA census statistics for 2001 and 2004 show an increase of 13% in three years. The population of the eight laboratories that make up the National Primate Research Center System has increased 35% in a five-year period (1997 – 2002). So, by several different measures over several different time periods, the numbers all agree in one way – primate experimentation in the U.S. is increasing substantially. The population of primates in laboratories and dealers is increasing, having reached an all-time high of 120,000.
Violations of federal law regulating animal experimentation has increased by 35% in a two-year period reaching almost 1500, which allows more than one violation for every lab in the United States.
Primates undergo highly invasive experimentation in many facilities in the U.S. Examinations of internal documents from major laboratories across the U.S. indicate that primates suffer from severe stress within the laboratory environment reacting with violence towards both themselves (self-injurious behavior) and their con-specifics. Traumatic injury rates within one lab reached 13%.
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