How Much Money is Spent on Primate Experimentation?
It is very difficult to develop an overall funding estimate for all use of primates in experimentation. A substantial amount of this funding is internal funding at private corporations (i.e. pharmaceutical corporations). These corporations do not separate the cost of primate experimentation out from other expenditures therefore this area of spending cannot be covered.
The funding amount developed in this section will then focus on the primate experimentation as it is funded by the federal government. The majority of this funding is through the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a part of the Department of Health and Human Services. The source of the funding information for the NIH is two-fold. The NIH website contains a database that lists all grants funded for all purposes by this agency. This database was searched for the species names of the 8 most commonly experimented on species of primates (macaque monkeys, baboons, chimpanzees, squirrel monkeys, marmosets, vervets, aotus monkeys, and mangabeys).
National Institutes of Health Funding
The results of these searches are contained in Appendix H. This table shows several things. For 2004 the NIH funded 1422 grants that use these species of primates. This is an increase of 66.9% over the same statistics for 1995, a ten-year period.
The second source of information for the amount of funding spent on primate experimentation by the National Institutes of Health is the collected annual progress reports for the eight laboratories (Harvard, Emory, Tulane, Oregon Health & Sciences University, University of Wisconsin, University of Washington, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, University of California) that comprise the National Primate Research Center System. These progress reports are much more detailed and precise than information from the CRISP system, therefore the funding amounts from these reports are substituted for the projects from these facilities. The amounts from the Primate Center progress reports are in Appendix I. The accumulated totals from fiscal 2002/2003 progress reports for all eight of these laboratories is $1,025,971,672. Funding for the primate centers increased by $359,445,437 (182%) from 1997 – 2002, and then had another increase of $416,904,508 (68%) from 2002 – 2003.
The number of primate projects from the NIH CRISP system for the entire nation is 1422. To avoid duplication the projects listed in this system for the primate centers (471) are subtracted from the overall national total. The remaining 951 grants are then multiplied by the average grant amount from the NIH website for fiscal 2004, $350,000. This provides an estimated spending amount for all non-primate center labs of $332,850,000.
Other Government Agencies
When utilizing the Federal Research and Development website it is possible to search across the databases of the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture), NSF (National science Foundation), EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), and the SBIR (Small Business Innovation Research). Searching across these four systems reveal 517 projects with estimate funding of $180,950,000. Similarly, searching the DOD database (available at http://www.dtic.mil/biosys/org/brd/index.htm ) provides a total of 68 projects involving primates. Assuming the same cost level as the NIH, the DOD is spending approximately $23,800,000 on primate experimentation. This would give us a grant total of $$1,563,571,672 spent on primate experimentation from these federal agencies. This total would not include funding of projects from agencies such as NASA, the DOE, etc. It would be safe to say that the federal government is currently spending approximately $1.6 Billion per year on primate experimentation. This overall funding estimate is presented in Appendix J.
Go on to What Kinds of Experiments are Performed on Primates?
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