1. The United States Department of Agriculture should
develop specific definitions of experimental procedures potentially
causing pain or distress within primate experiments. These definitions
should discuss issues such as social isolation, severe confinement (i.e.
use of primate restraint chairs, head immobilization, etc.), severe
food/water limitations, the use of electric shock, etc. Facilities
should be required to report experiments of this type as causing pain or
distress, and should be subject to regulatory action for failure to do
2. The General Accounting Office should perform an
audit of the National Institutes of Health to address the use of
primates in duplicative experiments, forwarding the results to the
United States Department of Agriculture for regulatory action against
those laboratories performing unnecessarily duplicative procedures, and
those procedures should be immediately terminated.
3. The National Institutes of Health should develop
guidelines to prevent the unnecessary duplication of experimental
projects. For example, a limitation should be placed on the number of
projects funded in specific areas on a species by species basis.
4. Laboratories utilizing primates should open their
doors to closer public scrutiny, including tours of both laboratories
and holding facilities for print and broadcast media. These same
laboratories should also make relevant records (such as primate health
care records, necropsy reports and research protocols) available to the
5. Upon completion of the GAO audit, congressional
oversight hearings investigating the funding of projects by the NIH
should be convened.