S. A. E. N.
"Exposing the truth to wipe
out animal experimentation"
Squalor in the Laboratories
An Audit of Animal Welfare Act Compliance by U.S.
Research Facilities; With Detailed Examinations of Fifteen Nationally
By Michael A. Budkie, A.H.T., Executive Director,
Stop Animal Exploitation NOW!
National Animal Welfare Act Violations
USDA/APHIS information regarding violations of the AWA
is available on the USDA website at
Upon examining the violations listed by the USDA, it
becomes apparent that they fall into two categories. Some violations are
relevant only to specific types of facilities. For example, research
facilities are required by the AWA to maintain committees (Institutional
Animal Care & Use Committees – IACUC) that evaluate and approve research
protocols before they are performed. No other type of facility is required
to have such a committee. Therefore violations regarding IACUCs are
specific to research facilities. The second type of violation is not
facility specific. This type of violation would include general
requirements (i.e. feeding, watering & housing of each covered species).
These violations are not facility specific, and are listed by the USDA in
such a way as to make it impossible to determine the type of facility that
had the violation.
In the area of violations that are specific to facility
type and based on the section of the AWA violated, there were 1106 total
violations from research facilities during 2002. These violations affected
a total of 16,340 animals. Most salient among these violations were the
286 separate violations for inadequate veterinary care. This indicates
that about 1 out of every 4 laboratories was cited for inadequate
veterinary care. The table below lists these violations.
Summary of Animal Welfare Act Violations in Laboratories for 2002
Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee
Attending Veterinarian and Adequate Veterinary Care
The USDA information contained 10,617 other violations
in areas such as providing food & water, primary enclosures, indoor and
outdoor facilities, etc. However, it was not possible to separate these
violations in these areas for research facilities from those for dealers,
exhibitors, etc. These violations are in the basic areas which could
potentially effect any type of facility.
It is also significant to note that there were 227
separate violations of the requirements for providing environmental
enhancement for primates. Many of these violations took place in research
facilities. The trend towards non-compliance with this new area of
enforcement will be examined when specific facilities are discussed.
Due to the nature of the USDA data, it is not possible
to give totals for all violations that took place within U.S.
laboratories. However, it is safe to conclude that the violations total
listed above would be substantially increased if this were possible. It is
also safe to conclude that all is NOT well within U.S. laboratories.
Go on to
Violations at Specific Facilities
Return to Squalor in the Laboratories
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