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S. A. E. N.
"Exposing the truth to wipe
out animal experimentation"
From Spring 2008 Issue
Primate Experiments Reach All-Time HIGH -- as Laboratory Violations Soar
The USDA publishes two annual
reports which contain valuable statistical information about animal
experimentation in the
U.S. The Annual Report of
Enforcement (ARE) provides statistics about the total number of
animals used in experimentation while the Violation Summary
contains statistics regarding the frequency of Animal Welfare Act (AWA)
violations by all regulated entities (dealers, research facilities,
transporters, etc.) which the USDA inspects.
During 2006 labs
violated the law over 2107 times, an increase of 90% from the 2002 total
of 1106. The majority (1226 or 58%) of the violations were committed by
the Institutional Animal Care & Use Committees (IACUC), the very
entities charged both with internal enforcement of regulations as well
as approving research protocols. The second largest area of
non-compliance was in veterinary care, with 522 violations (25%).
Moreover, animal experimentation numbers for 2006 (for regulated
species) declined by over 150,000. However, primate experimentation
reached an all-time high with 62,315 monkeys and apes falling under the
ARE’s statistics are not totally reliable. Previous reports have shown
substantial inaccuracies. The 2005 ARE reported 740 primates
experimented on in the entire state of North Carolina. However, Wake Forest
University (NC) alone listed 1318 primates used. Apparently, the USDA
lost track of almost 600 primates.
Nationally known labs continue to break federal laws with impunity.
broke the law 63 times in 3 ˝ years (including depriving a primate of
water and running a rabbit through a cage washer). The
University of Pennsylvania
led the nation with 70 violations in 2 years. Harvard has violated
federal law 46 times in 3 years, receiving an official warning for
killing a cat with improper anesthesia. Emory University
was fined $15,000 for killing a primate with improper anesthesia. The
Wisconsin is one of the
worst, racking up 20 federal infractions in a year. A primate project
University of Washington
has been terminated by federal
regulators for performing unapproved surgeries.
Pharmaceuticals was fined $26,000 for federal infractions.
Santa Cruz Biotechnology has been
cited repeatedly for draining the blood of chronically diseased goats
and was also fined $4,600 by the USDA for other infractions. SNBL
Corporation (WA) killed 20 primates through improper housing and was
recently cited for boiling a primate alive in a cage washer. The
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical R&D lab in Raritan (NJ) piled up 20
violations in a single year, including 9 infractions of the AWA for
inadequate veterinary care and 10 violations by the IACUC. Merck and
earned their places among the top violators of federal law as well.
The reporting of unrelieved pain in experiments is also highly suspect.
Labs in 16 states that experiment on approximately 34,000 primates
supposedly subjected only 99 of them – or less than one half of one
percent – to any unrelieved pain. In some instances, projects which
actually list symptoms like fever, weight loss, diarrhea, rash, and
“pain” are not reported by labs to actually cause pain.
The bottom line is that labs are increasingly performing experiments
which violate federal law, and simultaneously lying about the nature of
these experiments to the agency which has the primary responsibility for
regulating them. Research facilities stack up infractions year after
year, with little in the way of meaningful enforcement from the USDA.
This is why SAEN’s work is so vitally important. When federal
regulators refuse to act, it is up to us to fight for the animals.
Go on to SAEN Exposes Federal
Violations at North Dakota State University
Return to Spring 2008 Issue