Brooks Air Force Base

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Facility Reports and Information

Brooks Air Force Base, TX

Protocol - 2003-08 - Determination of Thermal Injury Thresholds in the Yucatan Minipig Using Radio Frequency Radiation

 

Title:

Determination of Thermal Injury Thresholds in the Yucatan Minipig Using Radio Frequency Radiation

 

Research Category:

N1: Physical Protection

 

FY: 2003 Funding (in dollars):

113,000

 

Responsible Organization:

AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB/BROOKS

Primary Contact:

Public Affairs Office

City:

Brooks City-Base

State:

TX

Zip:

78235-5116

 

Performing Organization:

See Responsible Organization Information

City:

 

State:

 

Zip:

 

 

Keywords:

LABORATORY ANIMALS ACTIVE DENIAL SYSTEM ACTIVE DENIAL TECHNOLOGY NON-LETHAL WEAPONS THERMAL INJURY BURN HISTOPATHOLOGY

 

Objective:

Objective is to determine threshold levels of 94 GHz millimeter wave exposure required to produce varying degrees of thermal injury. Results from this study will be used to further define safe exposure limits for the Active Denial System (ADS).

 

Approach:

Recent developments in electromagnetic technology have resulted in the design and manufacture of radio frequency radiation (RFR) sources capable of generating frequencies in the millimeter wave (MMW) length range (30-300 GHz). The depth of penetration of RFR at 94-GHz has been calculated to be approximately 0.3 mm. Yucatan minipigs are a well-established model for human skin and therefore will be used in this study. Each pig will be exposed to 3 power densities at 3 durations for a total of 9 MMW exposures. A sham exposure will also be done for each pig. Following exposure, animals will be allowed to recover in their home pen. Trained veterinary personnel will visually inspect animals at least twice a day. Five days after exposure each pig will be euthanized at which time the irradiated skin and superficial muscle will be excised and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for later histological examination by a veterinary pathologist.

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Rats, mice, birds, amphibians and other animals have been excluded from coverage by the Animal Welfare Act. Therefore research facility reports do not include these animals. As a result of this situation, a blank report, or one with few animals listed, does not mean that a facility has not performed experiments on non-reportable animals. A blank form does mean that the facility in question has not used covered animals (primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, pigs, sheep, goats, etc.). Rats and mice alone are believed to comprise over 90% of the animals used in experimentation. Therefore the majority of animals used at research facilities are not even counted.

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