The Animal Experimentation Scandal - 2006
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Articles and Reports
The Animal Experimentation Scandal - 2006
An Audit of the 2005 National Institutes of Health Funding of Animal Experimentation
By Michael A. Budkie, A.H.T., Executive Director, SAEN
Audit Scope and Methodology
This evaluation is based on searches of the CRISP system for 2005 using terms that describe 26 separate species of animals. Terms used to examine small animal use include: mouse, rat, guinea pig, hamster, gerbil and rabbit. Primate species names used include: macaca (Latin species name for macaque monkeys), saimiri (Latin species name for squirrel monkeys), baboon, chimpanzee, aotus, mangabey, cercopithecidae, and callithricidae. Companion animal species examined include: dog, cat, and ferret. “Farm” animals species examined include cow, horse, sheep, pig, and goat Birds discussed include songbirds, chickens, and pigeons. Other species which were not discussed include chiroptera (bats), lizards, and fish. The tendency of this report has been to be conservative, and avoid overstating the situation.
Searches run on these terms will bring up a list of all funded grants using these animals. This will not give us any information on specific animal use numbers, but it should reveal the number of different experiments that these government agencies fund which utilize these species.
This system will not yield a foolproof measure of animal experiments. The results are from a limited number of government agencies including: the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ), and Office of Assistant Secretary of Health (OASH). This evaluation does not cover any experiments within the National Science Foundation, the United States Department of Agriculture, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and many other governmental agencies. Also, in some instances species names have been eliminated from CRISP reports. This examination also ignores privately funded experiments. This investigation is meant only to reveal trends in the most general terms. However, there is no reason to believe that other entities, whether public or private, are moving in any other direction.
Funding estimates are derived by simply multiplying the number of grants in a specific category or for a specific facility by the average grant amounts published by the National Institutes of Health for the relevant year. The only exception to this methodology is in reference to eight research facilities. These eight laboratories (University of Wisconsin, University of Washington, University of California – Davis, Tulane, Emory, Harvard, Oregon Health Sciences University and the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research) publish the amount of funding they receive for primate experimentation in a progress report. The amount from this progress report has been substituted for the amount that would have been derived by multiplying the primate species numbers by the average grant amount. Even though the grant quantities used in the computation process are relevant to 2005, the most recent average grant amount published by the NIH is from 2004. This allows for an even more conservative total because the average grant amounts posted on the NIH website tend to increase by 4 – 6% per year.
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