Deer Options Enterprise


Lethal Strategy
































Bow-Hunting References
1.  Aho, R.W. 1984  "Deer Hunting Retrieval Rates."  Michigan Pittman-Robertson Report. Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Lansing, Michigan. 11pp.
58% wounded
2.  Anonymous.  1970  "Chincoteague Narrative Report, 1965-1970"  Refuge Manager"s United States Government Memorandum to Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Atlanta, Georgia. 3pp.
52% wounded, 15 shots per kill
3.  Boydston, G.A. and Gore, H.G. 1987  "Archery Wounding Loss in Texas."  Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Austin, Texas.  16pp.
50% wounded, 21 shots per kill
4.  Cada, J.D., 1988  "Preliminary Archery Survey Report."  Montana Department of Fish and Wildlife and Parks. Helena, Montana. 7pp.
51% wounded.
5 & 6.  Causey, M.K., Dennamer, J.E., Logan, J. and Chapman Jr., J.I., 1978
"Bowhunting White-tailed Deer with Succinylcholine Chloride Treated Arrows." Wildlife Society Bulletin 6(3): 142-145
50% wounded in Alabama (without succinylcholine chloride).
50% wounded in South Carolina (without succinylcholine chloride).
7.  Croft, R.L.  1963.  "A Survey for Georgia Bowhunters."  Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish commissioners.  17:155-163
44% wounded.
8.  Downing, R.L. 1971. "Comparison of Crippling Losses of White-tailed Deer Caused by Archery, Buckshot and Shotgun Slugs." Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. 25:77-82
50% wounded
9. Garland, L.E. 1972. "Bowhunting for Deer in Vermont: Some Characteristics of the Hunters, the Hunt, and the Harvest." Vermont Fish and Game Department. Waterbury, Vermont.  19pp.
63% wounded
10.  Gladfelter, H.L. and Kienzler, J.M. 1983.  "Effects of the Compound Bow on the Success and Crippling Rates in Iowa." Proceedings of the Midwest Bowhunting Conference.  Wisconsin Chapter of the Wildlife Society. Edited by Beattie, K.H. and Moss, B.A. pp215-219
55% wounded
11. Gladfelter, H.L., Kienzler, J.M. and Koehler, K.J. 1983. "Effects of Compound Bow Use on Hunter Success and Crippling Rates  in Iowa." Wildlife Society Bulletin 11(1):7-12.
49% wounded
12.  Hansen, L.P. and Olson, G.S. 1989. "Survey of Archery Hunters, 1987." Missouri Department of Conservation. Columbia, Missouri. 17pp.
52% wounded
13.  Hofacker, A. 1986. "On the Trail of Wounded Deer: The Philosophy of Waiting." Deer and Deer Hunting 10(2):65-85, 104
56% wounded
14.  Jackson, R.M. and Norton, R. 1982. "Wisconsin Bowhunter Study." University of Wisconsin. Lacrosse, Wisconsin. 36pp.
44% wounded.
15.  Langenau, Jr., E.E. and Aho, R.W. 1983. "Relative Impact of Firearms and Archery Hunting on Deer Populations." Proceedings of the Midwest Bowhunting Conference. Wisconsin Chapter of the Wildlife Society. Edited by Beattie, K.H. and Moss, B.A. pp 97-121
55% wounded, 13 shots per kill.
16.  Langenau, Jr., E.E. 1986 "Factor Associated with Hunter Retrieval of Deer Hit by Arrows and Shotguns Slugs." Leisure Sciences 8(4):417-438
61% wounded.
17.  McPhillips, K.B., Linder, R.L. and Wentz, W.A. 1985. "Nonreporting Success, and Wounding by South Dakota Deer Bowhunters--1981." Wildlife Society Bulletin
48% wounded, 14 shots per kill.
18.  Moen, A.N. 1989. "Crippling Losses." Deer and Deer Hunting 12(6):64-70.
68% wounded.
19.  Stormer, F.A., Kirkpatrick, C.M. and Hoekstra, T.W. 1979, "Hunter-Inflicted Wounding of White-tailed Deer." Wildlife Society Bulletin 7(1):10-16
58% wounded.
Fractions rounded to nearest whole number:
55% overall wounding rate from 19 reports (two cited by Causey et all);
17 shots per kill, average.