Keith Akers, Compassionate Spirit
Editors note: Laurie David is a nationally recognized environmentalist, and former wife of Larry David, co-creator of the hit Series, "Seinfeld." More recently, her activism for environmental issues has also been portrayed in HBO's award winning comedy series, "Curb Your Enthusiasm."
See Keith Akers' letter to Laurie David:
A Letter to Laurie David about Global Warming and the Cattle Industry
Last night I went to hear Laurie David talk about global warming. She just got an Academy Award for the movie "An Inconvenient Truth"; she is a dynamic, friendly, and positive speaker on this subject. However, the web site she co-founded (StopGlobalWarming.org) says not a word about vegetarianism. The FAO just published a report in which it stated that the cattle industry was the single biggest cause of global warming -- cattle are worse than cars. On her web site there is a list of 30 simple things you can do in your everyday life to help stop global warming. Surely, in a list of 30things you can do, at least one of these things should address the single biggest cause of global warming.
In March, I sent an e-mail letter about this to the StopGlobalWarming.org web site, and received only an automated response. I then sent another letter to her personally via her personal web site, in which I asked her to consider listing vegetarianism as a possible solution. When I went to hear her speak in Denver, I submitted a question asking in effect "do you think that vegetarianism would help deal with global warming, and if so, why doesn’t your web site mention this?"
Well, to make a long story short, my question was not selected, but in answering another question she made some very interesting comments, which basically changed my whole approach to this topic.
She said that a lot of people have asked her about eating meat and wearing leather. "Some people have said to me, ‘Laurie, are you vegetarian?’ or ‘Do you eat meat?’ implying that if I eat meat, I’m not a real environmentalist. I absolutely reject that. No one does everything. You do what you can, and then you go a little further."
I'm serious about this global warming thing. Here's our cloth shopping bags, and recycled paper -- including some paper that we find in various places and use the back of. The table was bought used at a consignment store. The lilacs on the table are from our back yard.
PETA has a flyer which says,"Think
you can be a meat-eating environmentalist? Think again! If you care about
the planet, go vegetarian." PETA recently sent a
letter to Al Gore, telling him basically the same thing and pointing out
the above-mentioned FAO report.
This is exactly the wrong way to approach the problem and, I regret to say, is typical of the animal rights approach to everything. The PETA flyer does not address what is best for the planet (although an answer to this question is suggested, as an afterthought, at the bottom). It addresses the question "who is an environmentalist." The implied answer: "only those who are vegetarian."
Oh, wonderful. We’re not going to talk about forests destroyed, methane emissions, catastrophic soil erosion, famines and disease threatening millions, or a civilization on the brink of mind-numbing disasters which will take us right back to the middle ages if we survive at all. No; we’re going to talk about who the "true environmentalists" are.
We also compost, big time.
This is sufficiently wrong-headed that I am tempted just to leave it right
there, and leave the question "what is wrong with this approach, and why?"
as an exercise for the reader. However, because the animal rights movement
has become increasingly isolated in recent years, I am now going to point
out to you, gentle reader, in no uncertain terms just what the problems are
with this line of thinking.
The main problem is that this kind of polemics doesn’t match the spirit of the times, the zeitgeist, the emerging new world-view. The animal rights approach might have worked in the heady days of the counter-culture and youthful rebellion. It might have worked during the Reagan or Clinton years, when gas was cheap and PCs were appearing on everyone’s desk. The spirit of our times is different; it is one of crisis.
We grow all of our own garlic. This crop should be ready in another couple of months.
I know: people have declared that the end was near before, and it didn’t
happen. The Environmental Handbook prepared for the first Earth Day declares
on its back cover -- "1970's -- the last chance for a future that makes
ecological sense." So people have become somewhat jaded to declarations that
the end is near; they have treated it as just another example of rhetorical
overkill, and I see the eyes begin to roll as soon as I open my mouth to
say, "environmental disaster is imminent." But the reality is that all the
crises that activists of a variety of stripes have been complaining about
for decades have now come to a head, and these crises have created an
entirely different social consciousness.
Here is a clue: environmental disaster is imminent. The reason I am saying this is not for effect, or to get your attention, but because environmental disaster really is imminent. In fact, in a certain sense, it’s even worse than Laurie David imagines, because of the problems of oil depletion. "Peak oil" means there will be no long, leisurely transition into a more environmentally friendly future. There will be an involuntary and rather sudden descent into economic chaos when demand for oil exceeds supply -- a more Draconian Kyoto Protocol, enforced by nature with a rather heavy hand. And oil depletion doesn’t even solve the global warming problem, either -- because we may start burning lots more coal to compensate for the missing oil, as a number of liberal Democrats are already suggesting, a reaction that could make global warming dramatically worse.
I would urge vegetarian and animal rights activists to take a look at Barbara Tuchman’s A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century, which details a Europe that dealt with a plague that wiped out perhaps half of Europe and began the Hundred Years’ War. That, my friends, is the closest historical analogy that we have for what is about to happen, indeed, that has already begun. As Laurie David says, "we’re going to be in a crash, but would you rather be in a crash going 5 miles an hour or a crash going 50 miles an hour?" I’m betting that we’re going faster than 5 miles an hour already. The animal rights movement needs to ask themselves this question: how are you going to convince people to believe in animal rights when gas is $20 a gallon and people are burning their furniture to stay warm in the winter?
O. K., maybe I’m exaggerating. But more importantly, this is what is in people’s minds: environmentalists are scared. All this blowhard rhetoric they’ve been spouting for years about "disaster" actually turns out to be, well, pretty much on target. I’m scared, and I can see it in other people’s eyes as well. A conversation turns to the environment, and people start by complaining about how stupid the administration is and how screwed up the economy and the environment is, and then sort of realize that it’s not their imaginations and their gums flapping -- it’s real. And when people are scared, they look for wholistic solutions rather than disruptive solutions. Nature will be quite disruptive enough.
There is a sense of crisis combined with an awareness that existing political and economic institutions cannot deliver the goods. People tend to draw together. They want community. And when they are concerned about the environment, they do not want to hear right off the bat that some animal rights group doesn’t think that they are "true environmentalists" because they’re eating meat.
The PETA slogan might make some marginal amount of sense if there was actually a large, active animal rights contingent within those who consider themselves environmentalists. But in fact, animal rights activists and environmentalists live pretty much in completely different universes. So in practice, saying "true environmentalists don’t eat meat" excludes about 90% of the environmentalists from a movement that the animal rights people are not even part of.
And here's our low-flow showerhead. Is this the Ritz or what?
So what do we do about this? One approach would be to accept
environmentalism as a movement, as it is, and then seek to change it from
within. You would not start, in this scenario, by declaring that all who
disagreed with you should be excluded from the movement. Instead, you would
come to the movement with the message, we want to help. We want to help both
because our message is a helpful message, and also because we personally are
By being vegetarian, we help the environment. It’s your choice whether or not to become vegetarian, but we can explain what we’re doing and how it helps the environment, which is quite a bit. I mean, look at all those methane emissions that you are never going to see. No one insists that anyone who does not use a compact fluorescent, or does not use a push mower, or refuses to turn down their thermostat in the winter, is not a "true environmentalist" -- but the sharers of these practices are all allowed a place on the environmental stage, so to speak. In the same way, we do not insist that anyone who is not a vegetarian is not a "true environmentalist." We simply offer vegetarianism as one possible solution, which some people may wish to adopt. All we ask is that people consider what we have to say, that we are allowed to put in our two cents' worth along with the purveyors of compact fluorescents.
This is my bicycle, which I use on almost all local trips, usually at least 5 times a week. You'll notice that Kate's bicycle, which would be to the right, is missing -- she had ridden it to work when this photo was taken.
But we can also demonstrate our solidarity with environmentalists by
adopting the rest of their program not related to our pet issue. We should
use low-flow showerheads, push mowers, and compact fluorescents. And, we
should talk about it. We are not just mouthing the words "environmentalism"
as an opportunist strategy.
I think that if we adopted this strategy, we could probably get Laurie David to add "eating low on the food chain" or even (if we really, really promise to behave ourselves in the future) "going vegetarian" to her list of 30 simple things you can do to help stop global warming. I think that would be just peachy. The main thing that I want is just to have vegetarianism considered on its merits; and that’s what this would do.
But suppose this doesn’t happen? What if some evil cattle industry politicians who have inflitrated the environmentalist movement prevent any mention of vegetarianism or even of "eating low on the food chain," despite our being on our best behavior? Is there any way to make our case to the public without being disruptive of a movement which has a great deal of appeal to the public?
Well, there are other groups besides Laurie David’s. For example, the Sierra Club has its "True Cost of Food" campaign which cautiously, but explicitly, mentions the "V-word." So I don’t think that it is the case that one group, or one clique, could shut vegetarianism out of the global warming debate.
Kate and I were going to put in a shot of our kids here, but we decided not to have any. The planet might be able to sustainably support a population of about 2 - 3 billion people (1/3 to 1/2 of what we have now), if we all became vegan.
There is, generally, a second alternative here, and that is to form a
counter-movement to the more moderate global warming groups that refuse to
take up vegetarianism. That is, instead of trying to disrupt something else,
form your own movement. This is what EarthSave was, I believe, initially
conceived as. During the 1990's, some EarthSave leaders would say things
like "EarthSave is not a vegetarian organization," and John Robbins wanted
to form a movement that included nonvegetarians. I heard Stacy Vicari say
things like, "We don’t say, ‘I’m a vegetarian,’ we say ‘I eat vegetarian
This concept of EarthSave never quite got off the ground, and the leaders switched tactics and decided that EarthSave was a vegetarian or even a vegan organization after all. I don’t know why this happened, but it may have been simply because it wasn’t attracting very many nonvegetarians -- the nonvegetarians may have viewed the group just as a "front" for the animal rights movement.
Now here is where the first problem arises. What about all the issues that don’t involve vegetarianism or animal rights? What about transportation and buildings, for example? Do we just mimic the other environmental groups, saying things like "more mass transit" and "wear a sweater instead of turning up the heat in winter"? Or do we declare that much more radical solutions are necessary? And how important will food issues be in the final mix of solutions? This is more than just a case of where our values are, we also have to have a sense of what the science is and what the realities of the situation are.
We've put in compact fluorescents throughout the house.
There is a certain logic towards taking a middle-of-the-road approach to these other issues. By positioning vegetarianism as close as possible to the "mainstream" of environmental opinion, and seeking to improve the face of vegetarians so that we don’t look quite so grouchy, we might eventually see all the major environmental groups accept vegetarianism to a greater or lesser degree. But if we think that it is a major, once-in-ten-thousand-years, civilization-ending crisis, we would probably want to look at more radical solutions. We might want to advocate eliminating private ownership of automobiles, superinsulation of all existing housing, and a strict one-child population policy. In this case, we might want to ensconce ourselves with the more radical environmentalists.
Here's our push mower. I'm really, really worried about global warming. But none of the pictured actions on this page are as important as our preference for plant foods. While I haven't done the math, I suspect that our preference for plant foods is more important than all of them combined.
Either way, we have to engage the environmental movement on its own terms,
instead of just declaring that those who do not agree with us are not "true
environmentalists." Environmentalism is a reality. It is, or will become,
the dominant issue and dominant reality of our time. If vegetarians want to
be more than a footnote in history, they need to understand both the
environmental issues and the environmental movement.
May 4, 2007
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