These vegan health articles are presented to assist you in taking a pro-active part in your own health.
By David Perlmutter, M.D. www.pcrm.org
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13. Gerlach M, Koutsilieri E, Riederer P. N-methyl-(R)-salsolinol and its relevance to Parkinsonís disease. Lancet 1998;351(9106):850-1.
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15. Steventon G, Williams AC, Waring RH, Pall HS, Adams D. Xenobiotic metabolism in motor neuron disease. Lancet 1988;2(8612):644-7.
16. McFadden SA. Phenotypic variation in xenobiotic metabolism and adverse environmental response: focus on sulfur-dependent detoxification pathways. Toxicology 1996;111(1-3):43-65.
17. Tanner CM. Liver enzyme abnormalities in Parkinsonís disease. Geriatrics 1991;46(Suppl 1):60-63.
18. Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis performed by Great Smokies Diagnostic Laboratory, Asheville, North Carolina, USA, Telephone: (800) 522-4762.
19. Uitti RJ, Rajput AH, Ahlskog JE, Offord KP, Schroeder DR, Ho MM, et al. Amantadine treatment is an independent predictor of improved survival in Parkinsonís disease. Neurology 1996;46(6):1551-6.
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23. Hantraye P, Brouillet E, Ferrante R, Palfi S, Dolan R, Matthews RT, et al. Inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase prevents MPTP-induced parkinsonism in baboons. Nat Med 1996;2(9):1017-21.
24. Bagasra O, Michaels FH, Zheng YM, Bobroski LE, Spitsin SV, Fu ZF, et al. Activation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase in the brains of patients with multiple sclerosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 1995;92(26):12041-5.
25. Goodwin JL, Uemura E, Cunnick JE. Microglial release of nitric oxide by the synergistic action of beta-amyloid and IFN-gamma. Brain Res 1995;692(1-2):207-14.
26. Resink AM, Brahmbhatt HP, Cordell B, Dawson, VL, Dawson, DM. Nitric oxide mediates a component of B-amyloid neurotoxicity in cortical neuronal cultures. Soc Neurosci Abstr 1995;21:1010.
27. Chan PH, Epstein CJ, Kinouchi H, Kamii H, Imaizumi S, Yang G, et al. SOD-1 transgenic mice as a model for studies of neuroprotection in stroke and brain trauma. Ann NY Acad Sci 1994;738:93-103.
28. Beckman JS. The double-edged role of nitric oxide in brain function and superoxide-mediated injury. J Dev Physiol 1991;15(1):53-59.
29. Larrick JW. Metabolism of arginine to nitric oxide: An area for nutritional manipulation of human disease? J of Optimal Nutrition 1994;3(1):22-31.
30. Cross AH, Misko TP, Lin RF, Hickey WF, Trotter JL, Tilton RG. Aminoguanidine, an inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase, ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in SJL mice. J Clin Invest 1994;93(6):2684-90.
31. Skolnick A. Old Chinese herbal medicine used for fever yields possible new Alzheimerís disease therapy [news]. JAMA 1997;227(10):776.
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33. Ikejiri Y, Mori E, Ishii K, Nishimoto K, Yasuda M, Sasaki M. Idebenone improves cerebral mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in a patient with MELAS. Neurology 1996;47(2):583-585.
34. Jenkins BG, et al. Investigating the neurochemistry and etiology of neurodegenerative disorders using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In: Beal MF, editor. Mitochondria and free radicals in neurodegenerative diseases. New York: A. John Wiley & Sons, 1997. p. 457.
35. Crook TH, Tinklenberg J, Yesavage J, Petrie W, Nunzi MG, Massari DC. Effects of phosphatidylserine in aged-associated memory impairment. Neurology 1991;41(5):644-649.
36. Lombardi GF. Pharmacological treatment with phosphatidyl serine of 40 ambulatory patients with senile dementia syndrome. Minerva Med 1989;80(6):599-602.
37. Delwaide, P.J, Gyselynck-Mambourg AM, Hurlet A, Ylieff M. Double-blind randomized controlled study of phosphatidylserine in senile demented patients. Acta Neurol Scand 1986;73(2):136-140
38. Sano M, Ernesto C, Thomas RG, Klauber MR, Schafer K, Grundman M, et al. A controlled trial of selegiline, alpha tocopherol, or both as treatment for Alzheimerís disease. N Engl J Med 1997;336(17):1216-22.
39. White HL, Scates PW, Cooper BR. Extracts of Ginkgo biloba leaves inhibit monoamine oxidase. Life Sci 1996;58(16):1315-21.
40. Le Bars PL, Katz MM, N. Berman, Itil TM, Freedman AM, Schatzberg AF. A placebo-controlled, double-blind randomized trial of an extract of Ginkgo biloba for dementia. JAMA 1997;278(16):1327-1332.
41. Personal communication, April 1998.
42. Sheu SY, Lai CH, Chiang HC. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by purpurogallin and silymarin group. Anticancer Res 1998;18(1A):263-7.
43. Ibid. #3.
44. Steffen V, Santiago M, de la Cruz CP, Revilla E, Machado A, Cano J. Effect of intraventricular injection of 1-methyl-4-phenylpryridinium: protection by acetyl-L-carnitine. Hum Exp Toxicol 1995;14(11):865-71.
45. Tatton WG, Ju WYH, Frase AD, et al, (1996): Treating neurodegneration of altering genomic and mitochondrial protein synthesis. Abstract on Fourth Intl. Congress of Movement Disorders, Vienna 1996;11(Suppl 1):M11.
46. Thal LJ, Carta A, Clarke WR, Ferris SH, Friedland RP, Petersen RC, et al.: A one-year multicenter placebo-controlled study of acetyl-L-carnitine in patients with Alzheimerís disease. Neurology 1996;47(3):705-711.
47. Packer L, Tritschler HJ, Wessel K. Neuroprotection by the metabolic antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid. Free Radic Biol Med 1997;22(1-2):359-378.
48. Vatassery GT, Smith WE, Quach HT, Lai JC. In vitro oxidation of vitamin E, vitamin C, thiols and cholesterol in rat brain mitochondria incubated with free radicals. Neurochem Int 1995:26(5):527-535.
49. Ibid. # 38.
50. Poeggeler B, Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Chen LD, Manchester LC. Melatonin, hydroxyl radical-mediated oxidative damage, and aging: a hypothesis. J Pineal Res 1993;14(4):151-68.
51. Kotler M, Rodriguez C, Sainz RM; Antolin I, Menendez-Pelaez A. Melatonin increases gene expression for antioxidant enzymes in rat brain cortex. J Pineal Res 1998;24(2):83-9.
52. Perry TL, Godin DV, Hansen S. Parkinsonís disease: a disorder due to nigral glutathione deficiency? Neurosci Lett 1982;33(3):305-310.
53. Sechi G, Deledda MG, Bua G, Satta WM, Deiana GA, Pes GM, et al. Reduced intravenous glutathione in the treatment of early Parkinsonís disease. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 1996;20(7):1159-70.
54. Wong BK, Chan HC, Corcoran GB. Selective effects of N-acetylcysteine stereoisomers on hepatic glutathione and plasma sulfate in mice. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1986;86(3):421-429.
55. Pahan K, Sheikh FG, Namboodiri AM, Singh I. N-acetyl-cysteine inhibits induction of NO production by endotoxin or cytokine stimulated rat peritoneal macrophages, C6 glial cells and astrocytes. Free Radic Biol Med 1998;24:39-48.
56. Birkmayer JG. Coenzyme nicotinimide adenine dinucleotide: new therapeutic approach for improving dementia of the Alzheimer type. Ann Clin Lab Sci 1996;26(1):1-9.
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We began this archive as a means of assisting our visitors in answering many of their health and diet questions, and in encouraging them to take a pro-active part in their own health. We believe the articles and information contained herein are true, but are not presenting them as advice. We, personally, have found that a whole food vegan diet has helped our own health, and simply wish to share with others the things we have found. Each of us must make our own decisions, for it's our own body. If you have a health problem, see your own physician.