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VEGAN HEALTH
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We began this archive as a means of assisting our visitors in answering many of their health and diet questions, and in encouraging them to take a pro-active part in their own health.  We believe the articles and information contained herein are true, but are not presenting them as advice.  We, personally, have found that a whole food vegan diet has helped our own health, and simply wish to share with others the things we have found.   Each of us must make our own decisions, for it's our own body.  If you have a health problem, see your own physician.


Cancer and the Vegetarian Diet
by William Harris, M.D.
December 21, 1999
http://www.vegsource.com/harris/index.htm

ENDNOTES

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5 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO Production Yearbook.Rome,1987

6 Kurian, George Thomas. The Book of World Rankings. Facts on File Inc. 119 West 57th St. New York,N.Y.10019. 1979.ISBN 0-87196-394-9.

7 Kurian, George Thomas. The New Book of World Rankings. Facts on File Inc. 460 Park Ave. So. New York, N.Y. 10016. 1991 ISBN 0-8160-1931-2.

8 Outwater JL; Nicholson A; Barnard N. Dairy products and breast cancer: the IGF-I, estrogen, and bGH hypothesis. Med Hypotheses (ENGLAND) Jun 1997, 48 (6) p453-61, ISSN 0306-9877.

9 Musgrove EA, Sutherland RL. Acute effects of growth factors on T-47D breast cancer cell cycle progression. Eur J Cancer 1993;29A(16):2273-9.

10 Figueroa JA, Sharma J, Jackson JG, McDermott MJ, Hilsenbeck SG, Yee D. Recombinant insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 inhibits IGF-I, serum, and estrogen-dependent growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. J Cell Physiol 1993 Nov;157(2):229-36.

11 Prentice R, Thompson D, Clifford C, Gorbach S, Goldin B, Byar D. Dietary fat reduction and plasma estradiol concentration in healthy postmenopausal women. The Women's Health Trial Study Group. J Natl Cancer Inst 1990 Jan 17;82(2):129-34.

12 Bennett FC; Ingram DM. Diet and female sex hormone concentrations: an intervention study for the type of fat consumed. Am J Clin Nutr Nov 1990, 52 (5) p 808-12, ISSN 0002-9165.

13 Reinli K, Block G. Phytoestrogen content of foods--a compendium of literature values. Nutr Cancer 1996;26(2):123-48.

14 Adlercreutz H; Mousavi Y; Clark J; Hockerstedt K; Hamalainen E; Wahala K; Makela T; Hase T. Dietary phytoestrogens and cancer: in vitro and in vivo studies. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol Mar 1992, 41 (3-8) p331-7, ISSN 0960-0760.

15 Holm LE, Nordevang E, Hjalmar ML, Lidbrink E, Callmer E, Nilsson B. Treatment failure and dietary habits in women with breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993 Jan 6;85(1):32-6.

16 Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Adami HO, Beeson L, van den Brandt PA, Folsom AR, Fraser GE, Goldbohm RA, Graham S, Howe GR, et al. Cohort studies of fat intake and the risk of breast cancer--a pooled analysis. N Engl J Med 1996 Feb 8;334(6):356-61.

17 Decarli A, Favero A, La Vecchia C, Russo A, Ferraroni M, Negri E, Franceschi S Macronutrients, energy intake, and breast cancer risk: implications from different models. Epidemiology 1997 Jul;8(4):425-8

18 Wynder EL. The Dietary Environment and Cancer. J Amer Dietetic Assoc. 1977;71:385-92.

19 Shils ME, Olson JA., Shike M. Modern nutrition in health and disease-8th ed. Lea & Febiger Malvern, PA. 1994. ISBN 0-8121-1485-X. p 580.

20 van Faassen A; Bol J; van Dokkum W; Pikaar NA; Ockhuizen T; Hermus RJ. Bile acids, neutral steroids, and bacteria in feces as affected by a mixed, a lacto-ovovegetarian, and a vegan diet. Am J Clin Nutr Dec 1987, 46 (6) p 962-7, ISSN 0002-9165.

21 Bingham SA, Pignatelli B, Pollock JRA, Ellul A, Mallaveille C, Gross G, et al. Does increased endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds in the human colon explain the association between red meat and colon cancer? Carcinogenesis 1996;17:515-23.

22 National Institutes of Health. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Rates and Risks: Cancer Death Rates Among 50 Countries (Age adjusted to the world standard) 4th Edition. Source: World Health Organization data as adapted by the American Cancer Society 1996. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Lung cancer p 39.

23 World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective. 1997 1759 R St. NW Washington, DC 20009. 178-FNS/F27 p 12.

24 Cunningham AS. Lymphomas and Animal-Protein Consumption. Lancet.1976;Nov.27:1184-86.ISSN 0023-7507.

25 World Health Organization. Mortality from Malignant Neoplasms 1955-1965. Geneva, 1970.

26 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (O.E.C.D.) Food Consumption Statistics 1955-1971. Paris, 1973.

27 Tavani A; Pregnolato A; Negri E; Franceschi S; Serraino D; Carbone A; La Vecchia C. Diet and risk of lymphoid neoplasms and soft tissue sarcomas. Nutr Cancer (UNITED STATES) 1997, 27 (3) p256-60, ISSN 0163-5581.

28 Tominaga S, Aoki K, Fujimoto I, Kurihara M. Cancer Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. Japan and the World-1994. Japan Scientific Societies Press CRC Press 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W. Boca Raton Fl 33431. ISBN 0-8493-7748-X. Table I-15 p 196. 1983-87.

29 Cramer DW; Harlow BL; Willett WC; Welch WR; Bell DA; Scully RE; Ng WG; Knapp RC. Galactose consumption and metabolism in relation to the risk of ovarian cancer . Lancet Jul 8 1989, 2 (8654) p 66-71, ISSN 0023-7507.

30 Karasik A, Menczer J, Pariente C, Kanety H. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-2 are increased in cyst fluids of epithelial ovarian cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1994 Feb;78(2):271-6.

31 Risch HA; Jain M; Marrett LD; Howe GR Dietary fat intake and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Sep 21 1994, 86 (18) p 1409-15, ISSN 0027-8874.

32 Tominaga S., Aoki K, Fujimoto I, Kurihara M. Cancer Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. Japan and the World-1994. Japan Scientific Societies Press CRC Press 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W. Boca Raton Fl 33431ISBN 0-8493-7748-X . Table I-16. p 197. 1983-87. "Cancer mortality statistics in 33 countries of the world were compiled and calculated from data edited from a magnetic tape copy of the WHO data base of cancer mortality." All figures are age-adjusted and represent death rate per 100,000 population.

33 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO Production Yearbook. Rome, 1987. Calcium/caput/day-milligrams 1983-85. Table 109. p 252.

34 Le Marchand L; Kolonel LN; Wilkens LR; Myers BC; Hirohata T. Animal fat consumption and prostate cancer: a prospective study in Hawaii. Epidemiology May 1994, 5 (3) p 276-82, ISSN 1044-3983.

35 Mousavi Y, Adlercreutz H. Genistein is an effective stimulator of sex hormone-binding globulin production in hepatocarcinoma human liver cancer cells and suppresses proliferation of these cells in culture. Steroids. Jul 1993, 58 (7) p 301-4, ISSN 0039-128X.

36 Mousavi Y, Adlercreutz H. Genistein is an effective stimulator of sex hormone-binding globulin production in hepatocarcinoma human liver cancer cells and suppresses proliferation of these cells in culture. Steroids. Jul 1993, 58 (7) p 301-4, ISSN 0039-128X.

37 World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective. 1997 1759 R St. NW Washington, DC 20009. 178-FNS/F27 pgs 10, 14.

38 Goodwin and Mercer. Introduction to Plant Biochemistry. Pergamon Press.Oxford, 1983. p 562.

39 Salisbury FB, and Ross CW. Plant Physiology. Wadsworth Publishing Co. Belmont 1985. ISBN 0-534-04482-4 p 276.

40 Fuchs CS, Giovannucci E., Colditz GA, Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, Rosner BR, Speizer FE, Willett WC. Dietary Fiber and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer and Adenoma in Women. N Engl J Med 1999;340:169-76.

41 Steinmetz (1)KA, Potter JD. Vegetables, fruit, and cancer prevention: a review. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Oct 1996;(10): 1027(13).

42 Malter M; Schriever G; Eilber U. Natural killer cells, vitamins, and other blood components of vegetarian and omnivorous men. Nutr Cancer (UNITED STATES) 1989, 12 (3) pp 271-8, ISSN 0163-5581.

43 Cummings, JH, Bingham,SA. Diet and the prevention of cancer. BMJ 1998;317:1636-1640.

44 Lindner M. Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism. Elsevier Science Publishing Co. New York, 1985. ISBN 0-444-01241-9 pp 70-71.

45 Random House. Random House Encyclopedia. New York, 1977. ISBN 0-394-40730-X. p 48.

46 Harris W. The Scientific Basis of Vegetarianism. Hawaii Health Publishers. 1415 Victoria St. Suite 1106. Honolulu, HI 96822-3663. ISBN 0-9646538-0-X. p 91.

47 Jacobs C, and Dwyer T. Vegetarian children: appropriate and inappropriate diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 1988;48(3):811.

48 Langley G. Vegan Nutrition, a Survey of Research. The Vegan Society. Oxford, 1988. ISBN 0-907337-15-5.

49 Cummings JH, Bingham SA. Diet and the prevention of cancer. BMJ 1998;317:1636-1640.

50 Luttrell, Clifton B. The High Cost of Farm Welfare. Cato Institute. Washington, 1989. ISBN 0-932790-70-4. p 15.

51 United States Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Statistics, 1989. United States Government Printing Office. Washington, 1989. Table 623.

52 United States Department of Agriculture. History of Budgetary Expenditures of the Commodity Credit Corporation: Fiscal Year 1990-1991 Actual. ASCS/BUD/CPB Book 3.p 2.

53 http://www.ams.usda.gov/cp/index.htm

54 http://dcp.nci.nih.gov/5aday/week98/CommunityKit98.html

55 ASCS Commodity Fact Sheet. Feed Grains: Summary of Support Program and Related Information. United States Department of Agriculture. June 1991.

56 GAO/RCED-92-15. Generic Promotion of Produce. Resources,Community, and Economic Division. United States General Accounting Office. Washington, 1991. P 2.

57 McMenamin M, and McNamara W. Milking the Public: Political Scandals of the Dairy Lobby from L.B.J. to Jimmy Carter. Nelson-Hall. Chicago, 1980. ISBN 0-88229-552-7

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