Danielson and Hubbard (1998) reported on
alternative technological devices in the testing phase that may be
available in the future to deter DVA. These include: 1) modified vehicle
headlights that may reduce the tendency for deer to freeze in the
headlight glare, which are currently being used in Europe (low-glare
headlights are illegal in the U.S.); 2)
infra-red detection systems developed by General Motors
that are currently being offered in some models; and 3)
intermittently lighted warning signs
at deer crosswalks (or high DVA areas) that are
triggered by ungulate movements or body heat.
Of these techniques, Danielson and Hubbard
(1998) suggest that infra-red sensing devices
used in conjunction with solar-powered warning
signs hold the most promise for the future for reducing DVA.
They estimate costs at $1000-1200 per unit, with biennial
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Recommended further reading:
Forman, T.T. and D. Sperling. 2003. Road
Ecology. Science and Solutions . Island Press, Washington, D.C. 481
Sullivan, T.L. and T.A. Messmer. 2002.
Nationwide Perceptions of State Wildlife Agency and Department of
Transportation Administors Regarding Deer-Vehicle Collisions and their
Management. Final Report. Jack Berryman Institue, Utah State University,
Transportation Research Board of the
National Academies. 2002. Interaction Between Roadways and Wildlife
Ecology. A Synthesis of Highway Practice. NCHRP Synthesis 305. National
Cooperative Highway Research Program. Can be ordered at http://www.national-academies.org/trb/bookstore
U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal
Highway Administration. 2002. Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Across
European Highways. International Technology Exchange Program.
White, P.A. and M. Ernst. No date. Second
Nature. Improving Transportation Without Putting Nature Second. Surface
Transportation Policy Project. Defenders of Wildlife, Washington, D.C.
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