Vegan Health ArticlesParatuberculosis and Crohn's Disease: Got Milk? Water
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From Michael Greger, MD
Updated January 2001

Municipal water supplies must also be assessed for risk because surface waters contaminated by agricultural run-off feed the domestic water supplies of many communities in the United States.[115] One of the reasons why paraTB has been called a "superbug" is because of its ability to survive in the environment for prolonged periods.[160] Mycobacteria like paraTB are one of the oldest forms of life. They have survived on this planet for over a billion years which has allowed them to adapt.[67] In the environment, MAP has a thick, waxy cell wall which protects it[121] -- it can last for 9 months in mud,[139] almost a year in manure,76 and two years in water. Standard domestic water treatment such as filtration and chlorination are probably ineffective against paraTB.[115]

There have been a few disconcerting143 reports of MAP bacteria cultured from drinking water, both in Europe188 and from the water supply of a major American city.[14] Europe's Drinking Water Inspectorate has commissioned a study into the distribution and fate of MAP in drinking water treatment;[91] the same inquiry should be happening here.

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We began this archive as a means of assisting our visitors in answering many of their health and diet questions, and in encouraging them to take a pro-active part in their own health. We believe the articles and information contained herein are true, but are not presenting them as advice. We, personally, have found that a whole food vegan diet has helped our own health, and simply wish to share with others the things we have found. Each of us must make our own decisions, for it's our own body. If you have a health problem, see your own physician.