Letter From Jenny Moxham about Pamplona's Running of the Bulls
Letters From All-Creatures.org and The Mary T. and Frank L. Hoffman Family Foundation

As published in The Star Malaysia
July 11, 2014

Innocent bulls tortured in San Fermin’s name

This week, the sleepy Spanish city of Pamplona has been inundated with tens of thousands of tourists from around the globe. The attraction? The infamous San Fermin festival otherwise known as “the running of the bulls”.

Each morning throughout this festival, revellers flaunt their bravado by taunting and racing ahead of six bulls and six steers that, with the aid of electric prods and sharp sticks, are stampeded through the city’s narrow, winding, cobbled streets.

The hapless bulls, that have never known anything other than the peace and tranquillity of the countryside, are suddenly thrust in the midst of a roaring, raucous, drunken mob who shoot darts at them.

Noisy firecracker rockets add to the terror as, bewildered and disoriented, the beasts slip and stumble on the wine-soaked cobblestones. Many sustain bruises, cuts and broken bones.

Apparently this “tradition” dates back to medieval times when bulls were herded through Pamplona’s streets to the bull ring.

Locals helped drive them and running behind the bulls later turned into running in front of them. Surprisingly, we are told that this festival, which clearly subjects animals to suffering, is a “deeply religious event to honour Pamplona’s patron saint”.

The saint, San Fermin, was tied to wild bulls by the Romans and dragged to his death.

Now, obviously the bulls were not to blame for this action, yet the citizens of Pamplona now “honour” the saint by terrorising lots of other innocent bulls that had nothing whatsoever to do with his death. Apparently, locals even take their small children and grandparents in wheelchairs to watch the event.

After the run, people pack the bull ring to chase and taunt young calves but it’s what happens to the bulls later that is most shocking.

After a brief respite, they will become one of the 250,000 bulls cruelly tortured and killed by the bullfighting industry each year.

Before being prodded into the ring, the bull may be given laxatives or have petroleum jelly smeared in his eyes to debilitate him.

Once in the ring, the picadores on horseback drive lances into the bull’s back and neck muscles, impairing his ability to lift his head. Next, they twist and gouge the lances to ensure a significant amount of blood loss.

Then come the banderilleros on foot, who proceed to distract and dart around the bull while plunging banderillas – sharp, barbed sticks – into his back.

When the bull is weakened from blood loss, these banderilleros run the bull in more circles until he is dizzy and stops chasing. Finally, the “brave” matador appears and, after provoking a few exhausted charges from the dying animal, tries to kill the bull with his sword.

If he misses, succeeding only in further mutilation, an executioner is called in to stab the exhausted animal to death.

The festival runs from July 6 to July 14. So far, one person has been gored – “Bull 1, Man 0 at Spain’s San Fermin Festival” ( The Star, July 8), but his injury was not life-threatening which was fortunate for him but unfortunate for the bulls.

Why unfortunate? Because in all probability the only thing that will stop this barbaric event will be an increase in the number of human fatalities.

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