The Theme of the Third Annual United Poultry Concerns
by: Mary and Frank Hoffman -
for pictures of the event, go to:
This forum brought together activists from both sides of
the welfare/rights issue in a harmonious exchange of ideas on the
grounds of the United Poultry Concerns' sanctuary in Machipongo,
Virginia, USA. The consensus of opinion was that animal welfare
campaigns and reforms do not hurt animal rights and abolition, if the
direction of the animal welfare activity is abolitionist in its ultimate
goal - i.e. the only way to totally eliminate animal suffering is to "Go
Being on the grounds of the sanctuary added emphasis to
the purpose of the meetings as the birds were made a part of the
proceedings rather than being excluded, had the meeting been held in a
hotel. We were able to visit with the chickens, ducks, turkeys and
cockatiel in the morning, at lunch time, and during our meeting breaks.
Such interaction allowed us to better appreciate the individual
personalities of these birds, many of whom were quite affectionate.
Whatever food was left over was fed to the sanctuary residents. And
since the kitchen opens onto the porch, which is used for infirm birds,
we could feed the birds. They really loved the leftover pasta!
The first speaker on Saturday was Kirsten Rosenberg of
The Animals' Agenda. Her subject was "Throwing the Baby Out With the
Battery Cage: Looking Out for Animals' Welfare in the Pursuit of
Rights." Kirsten's presentation came across as a "business approach" to
arriving at our goals of eliminating animal suffering. She expressed
that politics is the art of compromise, and that in our pursuit of
animal rights in the future, we need to find ways to lessen the
suffering of animals in our present time. "Historically, divisiveness is
deadly," she said, and we need to support all actions that will help the
animals, even in minor ways.
The second speaker was Joe Miele of New Jersey Animal
Rights Alliance. His subject was "Getting Back to the Core of the Animal
Rights Movement." Joe addressed the four major aspects of the animal
advocacy movement: animal rights, animal rescue, animal sanctuaries, and
welfare reform. He discounted all "band-aid" actions of the welfare
movement that don't eliminate animal suffering. Joe's catchy phrase
"eliminate, not alleviate" is the core of his philosophy. Joe came
across as a purist abolitionist, but at the same time realizing that the
abolition of animal suffering was not going to happen overnight, and
that we have to do whatever we can to further that goal. Welfare that
doesn't do that is working against the animals.
Joe showed little "cages" to emphasize the minor
difference that the McDonald's, Burger King, and Wendy's "reforms" made
in the torturously cramped conditions that laying hens are forced to
live in. The discussion which followed, brought out the fact that even
these minor differences reduced the mortality from 20% to only about 3%.
Nevertheless, battery hen houses are still concentration camps.
This led us into the third presentation of the day
presented by Paul Shapiro of Compassion Over Killing, a Washington, DC
based organization. He presented the video, Hope for the Hopeless: An
Investigation and Rescue at a Battery Egg Facility, an 18 minute
documentary which shows the horrors of the lives of the battery hen.
Hens were shown wedged into the wire cages so that they were unable to
get food or water. A dead hen was left to decompose among her
cage-mates. Such depictions emphasize the utter disregard and lack of
compassion for the chickens in these factory farms. This film also
reminds us how depraved some human beings can be compared to the
tenderness expressed by the rescuers who took a few of the more
seriously injured hens to get veterinary care, which is never provided
in hen houses.
After lunch, Steve Best of Voice for All Animals, and an
Associate Professor of Philosophy and Humanities at the University of
Texas, El Paso, presented his talk entitled, Undoing False Oppositions:
Lessons from the Social Revolutionaries. He said that veganism is our
radicalism. He defended the recent welfare reforms brought about in the
fast food industry through the efforts of PETA and others.
Steve argued that welfarism and reforms are not
logically or practically separate from revolution and rights. Steve
emphasized that capitalism was the main cause of the torture of animals
in the agriculture industry. But, we believe that the real problem lies
in the depraved nature of our fellow human beings who abuse animals for
their own personal gain. They use capitalism to further their goals. By
comparison, the same evil things were happening in the Soviet Union, and
they are happening in China, today, at an ever increasing rate. The
"revolution" that is needed is within the human heart. Steve said that
we need to develop a coherent strategy for the animal rights movement
similar to the other major historical social movements.
The next speaker was Sean Day, an attorney from
Washington DC, who presented his talk entitled, "Beyond Rights Vs.
Welfare: A Model for Evaluating Efforts in Furtherance of Animal
Rights." He emphasized that any welfare action that isn't at least a
step toward abolition is not doing the animals any good.
Sean said that welfare reform laws seem to empower
animal abusers more than they serve to help eliminate the suffering of
animals. He gave the example of Edward Taub, who was convicted of animal
abuse in the 1981 Silver Springs, MD monkey case, only to have his
conviction overturned in federal court based on the ineffective Animal
Welfare Act. He said that since 1966 there have been no criminal
convictions resulting from the Animal Welfare Act. Additionally, 85% of
all animals are not covered by this Law.
Sean, a former welfarist, is now a purist abolitionist.
He opposes the current "Downed Animal Legislation Amendment," because
there is no enforcement provision. He said that the only veterinary care
provided is intended to get the animal to walk to its death.
The last speaker was Bruce Friedrich of People for the
Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), who spoke on Sunday morning. His
talk was entitled, "Welfare v. Liberation: Mutually Exclusive? Bruce's
main emphasis was upon the successes and media attention that lead to
people going vegan. He argued that the welfare reforms negotiated with
the fast food giants brought the abuse of animals in the food industry
to the public eye.
Before coming to PETA, Bruce spent more than six years
working in a shelter for homeless families and soup kitchens in
inner-city Washington, DC.
Following each speaker and at the end of each day's
talks, there was a discussion period for the free exchange of ideas.
We emphasized that we must direct our attention to the
religious community in ways that do not depart from the Bible. It is
important to show God's intent of vegan living both in the creation
(Genesis 1:28-29) and in heaven to come (Revelation 21:4). We emphasized
that the Hebrew Biblical understanding of compassion for animals has
been lost in most of Christian teachings, and it needs to be
The final consensus of opinion was:
* that we need to find better ways of working together
toward our common goal;
* that it is not worth pursuing any welfare or reform
activity that is not a step toward abolition,
* that we must emphasize "Go Vegan!" as a part of any
Go on to Animal
Return to 16 December 2001 Issue
Return to Newsletters
** Fair Use Notice**
This document may contain copyrighted material, use of which has not been
specifically authorized by the copyright owners. I believe that this
not-for-profit, educational use on the Web constitutes a fair use of the
copyrighted material (as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright
Law). If you wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes of your
own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright