In Reference to: Is Monkey Experimentation Ethical?
The first organization founded to protest animal experimentation was the Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection, started in England in 1875. (In 1897 its name was changed to the National Antivivisection Society.) By 1876 England's Parliament had passed the first national antivivisection law, the Cruelty to Animals Act. The law covered only vertebrate animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, and amphibians), with more restrictive provisions on the use of donkeys, horses, mules, dogs, and cats. The law required all experimenters to have permits, and it established guidelines for the kinds of experiments and the way they were performed.