Celandine (Chelidonium majus)
From all-creatures.org

Art and Photo Journals

and Galleries Directory
Dedicated to the Preservation and Restoration of the Whole of Creation

Humans - Animals - Environment
"And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good.   And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day" (Genesis 1:31)

Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake
- Celandine (Chelidonium majus) -

(Celandine - 01)  Celandine are members of the Poppy family (Papaveraceae) that grow from one to two feet high.  The stems, buds, and undersides of the leaves are covered with white hairs. The leaves are pinnately divided and lobed with a "scalloped" edge.  The leaves grow alternately from the stem.






(Celandine - 01a)  The flowers of the celandine grow in loose umbels, which we have noticed are often missing flowers.  As a result, the short white tipped (stigma) flower stems remain in the midst of the flowers.  Each celandine flower is about 3/4 inch in diameter and has four petals, one pistil, and numerous stamens.



(Celandine - 02)  In this photo, we have a partial side view of one celandine flower that is fully in bloom, and another flower that has only one remaining petal, having lost the other three petals and all the stamens.






(Celandine - 02a)  In this photo, we have a bee's eye view of the stamens and pistil of a celandine flower.  We counted 22 stamens surrounding the central pistil.





(Celandine - 02b)  In this nearly 40 times enlargement of a celandine flower petal, we can begin to see some of the individual cell structure.  We can also see that what appears to be the white tip on the flower stem is really the stigma of the pistil.









(Celandine - 03)  This is a photo of a more fully flowered celandine umbel.  We can also see the various stages in the life of the celandine flower: partially hidden behind the bottom left flower is a hairy bud, the bottom two and the top flowers are fully opened, the middle two flowers have begun to fade, and between the two central flowers is a flower stem topped with the ovary that is beginning to swell with seeds.




(Celandine - 03a)  This is a close up look at the celandine flower buds.






(Celandine - 04)  This is another look at some of the celandine flowers.  The broken stems of the celandine exude an acrid, saffron-colored juice that was once used as a dye and to remove warts, corns, and freckles.




(Celandine - 04a)  In this closer view of a celandine umbel, we can see how all the flower stems originate from a single location.






(Celandine - 05)  This is another look at a 3/4 inch celandine flower.  The celandine was introduced to the United States from Europe.  They bloom from May to August.







(Celandine - 06)  This is a small patch of celandine that are just beginning to bloom.  In this photo, the celandine pinnate leaf structure can be observed with its terminal and two pairs of lobed leaflets.




(Celandine - 06a)  This photo gives us a closer look at the hairy flower buds, which look like miniature pin cushions.  We have seen references that say that the leaves, stems and buds can be whitish, but we have only observed them to be a light green.





(Celandine - 07)  This is another look at the celandine flowers, and the hairy leaves, stems and buds.






(Celandine - 08)  This patch of celandine were growing along the side of the road.





(Celandine - 09)  This is another view of the 3/4 inch diameter celandine flower.






(Celandine - 10)  In this photo, we have another view of the celandine flower and buds, and a small visitor.








See Our Readers' Comments
| Wild Flowers of SHL: Photo Identification, Common Name, Scientific Name | Art and Photos |

Presented here are just a few of the countless components of God's creation.  Just as we cannot have human and animal life without water and plants, neither can we have lasting peace without love and compassion.  It is our hope and prayer that this series will motivate people to live and act in a cruelty-free manner; that we would no longer hurt or destroy each other, the animals or our environment.

If  you would like to contribute a photo to these series, please contact;
Frank L. Hoffman flh@all-creatures.org

Your Comments are Welcome:

2001-2004 - The Mary T. and Frank L. Hoffman Family Foundation.  All rights reserved.  May be copied only for personal use or by not for profit organizations to promote compassionate and responsible living.  All copied and reprinted material must contain proper credits and web site link www.all-creatures.org .

| Home Page | Animal Issues | Archive | Art and Photos | Articles | Bible | Books | Church and Religion | Discussions | Health | Humor | Letters | Links | Nature Studies | Poetry and Stories | Quotations | Recipes | What's New? |

Thank you for visiting all-creatures.org.
Since date.gif (1387 bytes)

The themes of these All Creatures Art and Photo Journals and Galleries Directory cover such subjects as - creation, earth, environment, ecology, plants, flowers, birds, trees, creature, animal, animals, fine arts, watercolor, painting, paintings, pic, pics, pictures, photos, photography, vegetation, restoration, preservation, vegetarian, vegan, cruelty free, love, joy, peace, kindness, compassion, humor, poetry, quotations, lifestyle, Bible, recipes, sermons, stories, human, animal rights, God, Jesus, Christ, Lord, Holy Spirit, Jewish, Christian, Judeo Christian, health, ethical living, meditation, wildflower, wildflowers, Celandine (Chelidonium majus) (pic-b-41)