Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow LakeBlue-Stemmed, Bluestem, Woodland, Wreath Goldenrod (Solidago caesia)
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Blue-Stemmed, Bluestem, Woodland, Wreath Goldenrod (Solidago caesia)
Table of Contents

Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 01
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 01)  Blue-stemmed goldenrod bloom from August to October, and are usually found in clumps where they grow from a caudex.  The most distinguishing characteristic of the blue-stemmed goldenrod is its blue colored stem, which led to its common name, and which is sometimes written as "bluestem".  The blue-stemmed goldenrod usually grows in woodland clearings or along the edges of the woods, which is why this wildflower is sometimes called "woodland goldenrod".  The other common name, wreath goldenrod, presumably was derived from the way this goldenrod grows in a curved arch with flower clusters (racemes) growing from leaf axils along the stem.  The uppermost racemes are usually blooming by the time the lower ones develop, as with the blue-stemmed goldenrod in this photo.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 01a
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 01a)  In this photo we have a closer look at the uppermost flowering racemes of a blue-stemmed goldenrod.  Note that the further down the stem we look, that the flowers are less and less developed.  Each individual flower is only about 1/16 to 1/4 inch long.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 02
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 02)  In this bee's eye view of a few of the flowers of the blue-stemmed goldenrod, we can the complexity of the design created into each tiny flower.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 03
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 03)  This is a close up look at the developing flowers growing on the blue-stemmed goldenrod.  The distinguishing bluish colored stem can be clearly seen.  The flowers of many species of goldenrod grow in a secund arrangement, meaning that the flowers face in one direction.  The flower arrangement of the blue-stemmed goldenrod are not secund, meaning that they grow completely around the raceme, which can be partially seem in this photo.  The flowers of the blue-stemmed goldenrod are composite, meaning that what appears to be a single tiny flower is really a composite of even tinier ray and disc flowers.  Each of these seem to have five outer linear ray flowers and five central round disc flowers, all just opening from their bud stage.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 04
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 04)  Blue-stemmed golden rod are of medium size and usually grow from one to three feet high, but because of the way they often arch over, they may appear to be shorter.  Blue-stemmed goldenrod are members of the Aster family (Asteraceae).
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 05
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 05)  The leaves of the blue-stemmed goldenrod are narrowly lanceolate with a single feather shaped veining.  We have also observed that some of the lower leaves are somewhat broader and toothed.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 06
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 06)  In this photo of the blue-stemmed goldenrod, we can see the more typical narrowly lanceolate leaves, with flowering racemes growing from the leaf axils.  The arched flowering stem give the appearance of a portion of a wreath, which depicts how this wildflower also became know as wreath goldenrod.
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 07
(Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia) - 07)  This is another photo of the blue-stemmed goldenrod.  In our area, this species of goldenrod is relatively uncommon, but when you come upon it, its bluish colored stem, narrow lanceolate leaves, each with a single feather vein pattern, and flower clusters growing from the leaf axils all along the stem, make the blue-stemmed goldenrod easy to identify.

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