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"And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good.   And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day" (Genesis 1:31)

Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake
- Hard-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) -
(Click on the photos or links to enlarge)

(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 01)  There are approximately 125 varieties or species of goldenrod in the United States.  Most are located in the East.  The hard-leaved goldenrod is characterized by its flat top bloom, here seen in its early bud stage.  The leaves of the hard-leaved goldenrod alternate on the stalk and are sessile, meaning that they have no stems and grow directly from the stalk.  The base of the hard-leaved goldenrod's oval shaped narrow leaves look as if they are "clasping" the stalk.

(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 01a)  This is a small patch of hard-leaved goldenrod whose blooms are just beginning to open.  The hard-leaved goldenrod generally bloom from August through October.  The characteristic flattened top of the hard leaved goldenrod becomes more evident as the wildflower matures.



(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 02)  In this photo of the hard-leaved goldenrod, the buds are turning yellow and some of the flowers are opening.  The hard-leaved goldenrod is a member of the Composite family, because the blooms are made up of many individual flowers.




(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 03)  This patch of hard-leaved goldenrod is swaying lightly in the breeze between the bright sunlight and shade, which gives the flowers a wide range of color from a deep golden yellow to almost white.  The hard-leaved goldenrod grows to heights from one to five feet.  We believe the difference in heights is caused by the amount of competition the hard-leaved goldenrod has for sunlight; the more competition, the taller it grows to reach the direct sunlight.


(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 04)  This is a close-up view of a few of the hard-leaved goldenrod buds and opening flowers.  The hard-leaved goldenrod grows in all areas except northern New England.  It is relatively common at Sleepy Hollow Lake, but not as prolific as the Canada goldenrod.




(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 04a)  In this photo of the hard-leaved goldenrod, we can see the 6-14 rays of each flower beginning to unfold.  All this intricate detail always seems to point us toward God, for His invisible attributes and eternal power are clearly seen in what He has made, as we are told in Romans 1:20.  Such understanding should make us want to protect and preserve all that the Lord has given us (our fellow human beings, the animals, and the environment).  The extent to which we love God is expressed in the ways we love and protect His creation.


(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 05)  This is a small patch of hard-leaved goldenrod growing along the side of a road.






(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 06)  This is one of God's natural wildflower bouquets of hard-leaved goldenrod and loosestrife growing together along the side of the road.




(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 07)  The trumpet shape of each hard-leaved goldenrod flower can be seen in this enlarged photo.  If you look closely at the two central open flowers, you can see the stamens and pistil projecting up from the base of the flower bowl.  Note also that the lower of these two open hard-leaved goldenrod flowers has 6 rays, and that the other one has as many as 12 to 14 rays.



(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 08)  Looking down upon the head of a hard-leaved goldenrod as it comes into bloom.





(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 08a)  Another enlarged view of opening buds and flowers.





(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 09)  In this side view of the hard-leaved goldenrod, we can see the way the branches of the flowering head all terminate at relatively the same level to form the flat top.




(Hard-leaved Goldenrod - 09a)  A close-up side view of the hard-leaved goldenrod.  Some people look upon the hard-leaved goldenrod and other wild flowers as just weeds, but to us they are beautiful gifts from God.





| Wild Flowers of SHL | Art and Photos |

If  you would like to contribute a photo to these series, please contact;
Frank L. Hoffman

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2001 - The Mary T. and Frank L. Hoffman Family Foundation.  All rights reserved.  May be copied only for personal use or by not for profit organizations to promote compassionate and responsible living.  All copied and reprinted material must contain proper credits and web site link .

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