Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)
Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake From All-Creatures.org Art and Photo Journals and Galleries Directory
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Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)
Table of Contents
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 01
This is a patch of Indian hemp that was growing along the side of the road.
Indian hemp usually grow to heights of between one and four feet. They
look somewhat like a milkweed, and even have a white sap, but they are not a
member of that family; they are members of the Dogbane family, Apocynaceae.
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 02
This is a closer look at the Indian hemp. Their habitat is usually along
the edges of open woods or in fields. They bloom from June to August.
The Indian hemp in our area begin to bloom in early June.
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 02a
Indian hemp have reddish colored stems that emerge from a spreading root.
The upper portion of the wildflower is usually branched with terminal flower
clusters on each stem and branch.
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 05
The leaves of the Indian hemp grow opposite one another on the stems. In
this photo we can see a branch growing from a lower leaf axil. The fibrous
stems were used by Native Americans to make twine and rope. The advantage
of using these fibers is that they do not come apart in water.
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 07a
The actual size of the Indian hemp flower is 1/4 inch wide. The five
petals curl slightly inward. The pistil of the Indian hemp has no style
(stem-like portion), but only a stigma which is shared by two ovaries. The
five triangular shaped structures that form a "cone" in the center of the flower
are the anthers of the stamens.
(Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) - 09
In this close up photo of Indian hemp flowers, we can see several stages of
development: from bud, to opening flower, to mature flower, to drying flower in
the process of developing a small bean-like fruit.
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