Orange Coneflower (Rudbeckia fulgida)

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"And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good.   And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day" (Genesis 1:31)

Wild Flowers of Sleepy Hollow Lake
Orange Coneflower (Rudbeckia fulgida)
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(Orange Coneflower - 01)  The orange coneflower is closely related to the black-eyed Susan, and we have found considerable confusion in the naming of this species.  After considerable research, we have concluded that the orange coneflower, Rudbeckia fulgida, must have the orange coloration at the base of the ray flowers, otherwise it is another variety of the black-eyed Susan.  Some of the photos we looked at on the Internet had less orange coloration than this one, but it was still evident.



(Orange Coneflower - 02)  This side view of the orange coneflower gives us a good look at the rising brown disk in the center.  Also note the hairy stem.






(Orange Coneflower - 03)  The leaves of the orange coneflower are linear-elliptical in shape, slightly toothed, and hairy on the underside.  We have observed that some leaves on the same plant show very little or no noticeable toothing.







(Orange Coneflower - 03a)  In this photo of the orange coneflower, we can see that the leaves grow alternately along the stem, and that the flower sepals are also hairy.






(Orange Coneflower - 04)  This is a close up look at the 1-1/2 inch diameter orange coneflower.  According to the literature, the number of ray flowers can vary considerably from the more than 20 in this flower to as few as 8.





(Orange Coneflower - 05)  In this bee's eye view of the center of an orange coneflower, we have a good view of the disk flowers and the orange pigmented portion of the ray flowers.





(Orange Coneflower - 06)  In this view of the underside of the flower of the orange coneflower, we can see the hairiness of the stem and fully opened sepals.  Also note that the orange coloration of the ray flowers is not as pronounced when viewed from below.






(Orange Coneflower - 07)  In this photo of the orange coneflower, we can compare its size to that of an ox-eyed daisy.  The orange coneflower is a member of the Composite Family, Compositae (older naming), or Aster Family, Asteraceae.




(Orange Coneflower - 08)  This is another close up look at the beauty of the orange coneflower.






(Orange Coneflower - 09)  Another thing we have observed about the orange coneflower is that the leaves grow upward from the stem, with only the more mature leaves leaning downward toward the horizontal.  The flower stems emerge from the leaf axils.





(Orange Coneflower - 10)  This is a close up look at an orange coneflower bud that is just beginning to open.






(Orange Coneflower - 11)  This is a bee's eye view of the center of an orange coneflower bud that is just beginning to open.  Note that at this stage of development the ray flowers are also hairy.







| Wild Flowers of SHL: Photo Identification, Common Name, Scientific Name | Art and Photos |

Presented here are just a few of the countless components of God's creation.  Just as we cannot have human and animal life without water and plants, neither can we have lasting peace without love and compassion.  It is our hope and prayer that this series will motivate people to live and act in a cruelty-free manner; that we would no longer hurt or destroy each other, the animals or our environment.

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Frank L. Hoffman

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