Vegan - Vegetarian RecipesArtichoke (Cynara scolymus) - Ingredients Descriptions and Photos
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Ingredients Descriptions and Photos
Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)

Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)
(Artichoke (Cynara scolymus)) All commercially grown artichokes in the United States come from California, particularly the central coast where cool summers and mild winters provide an ideal growing area.  The globe artichoke, a member of the composite family of flowers, is closely related to the thistle.  If left to flower, the plants produce violet blossoms measuring seven inches across.  The part we eat is from the immature flower bud.  The edible portion of the "globe" is composed of the fleshy bases of the flower bracts (look like leaves) and the receptacle to which the bracts are attached, commonly referred to as the "heart."  Artichokes can be purchased all year long, but the best quality are available from March through May.  Select artichokes that are dark green, heavy for their size and blemish-free.  The globe should be compact and not beginning to open.  Artichokes can be washed, placed in a plastic bag, and stored in the refrigerator for several days until used.  See the nutritional chart below.  See Artichoke, Cooking and Eating

Artichokes, (globe or French), cooked, boiled, drained, without salt

Nutrient Unit
Value per 100 g
# of Data Points Std. Error
artichoke, medium
120g

cup hearts
84g
Proximates
Water 1 g 84.08 1 -- 100.90 70.63
Energy kcal 53 -- -- 64 45
Energy kJ 220 -- -- 264 185
Protein 1 g 2.89 1 -- 3.47 2.43
Total lipid (fat) 1 g 0.34 1 -- 0.41 0.29
Ash 1 g 0.74 1 -- 0.89 0.62
Carbohydrate, by difference g 11.95 -- -- 14.34 10.04
Fiber, total dietary 1 g 8.6 1 -- 10.3 7.2
Sugars, total 1 g 0.99 1 -- 1.19 0.83
Sucrose 1 g 0.73 1 -- 0.88 0.61
Glucose (dextrose) 1 g 0.24 1 -- 0.29 0.20
Fructose 1 g 0.02 1 -- 0.02 0.02
Lactose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Maltose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Galactose 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Starch 1 g 0.00 1 -- 0.00 0.00
Minerals
Calcium, Ca 1 mg 21 1 -- 25 18
Iron, Fe 1 mg 0.61 1 -- 0.73 0.51
Magnesium, Mg 1 mg 42 1 -- 50 35
Phosphorus, P 1 mg 73 1 -- 88 61
Potassium, K 1 mg 286 1 -- 343 240
Sodium, Na 1 mg 60 1 -- 72 50
Zinc, Zn 1 mg 0.40 1 -- 0.48 0.34
Copper, Cu 1 mg 0.127 1 -- 0.152 0.107
Manganese, Mn 1 mg 0.225 1 -- 0.270 0.189
Selenium, Se 1 g 0.2 1 -- 0.2 0.2
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 1 mg 7.4 1 -- 8.9 6.2
Thiamin 1 mg 0.050 1 -- 0.060 0.042
Riboflavin 1 mg 0.089 1 -- 0.107 0.075
Niacin 1 mg 1.110 1 -- 1.332 0.932
Pantothenic acid 1 mg 0.240 1 -- 0.288 0.202
Vitamin B-6 1 mg 0.081 1 -- 0.097 0.068
Folate, total 1 g 89 1 -- 107 75
Folic acid g 0 -- -- 0 0
Folate, food g 89 1 -- 107 75
Folate, DFE g 89 -- -- 107 75
Choline, total 1 mg 34.4 -- -- 41.3 28.9
Betaine 1 mg 0.2 1 -- 0.2 0.2
Vitamin B-12 g 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamin B-12, added g 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamin A, RAE g 1 -- -- 1 1
Retinol g 0 -- -- 0 0
Carotene, beta 1 g 8 1 -- 10 7
Carotene, alpha 1 g 0 1 -- 0 0
Cryptoxanthin, beta 1 g 0 1 -- 0 0
Vitamin A, IU IU 13 -- -- 16 11
Lycopene 1 g 0 1 -- 0 0
Lutein + zeaxanthin 1 g 464 1 -- 557 390
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) mg 0.19 -- -- 0.23 0.16
Vitamin E, added mg 0.00 -- -- 0.00 0.00
Vitamin D (D2 + D3) g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Vitamin D IU 0 -- -- 0 0
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) g 14.8 1 -- 17.8 12.4
Lipids Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated g 0.081 -- -- 0.097 0.068
4:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
6:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
8:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
10:0 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
12:0 g 0.004 -- -- 0.005 0.003
14:0 g 0.004 -- -- 0.005 0.003
16:0 g 0.066 -- -- 0.079 0.055
18:0 g 0.006 -- -- 0.007 0.005
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated g 0.011 -- -- 0.013 0.009
16:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
18:1 undifferentiated g 0.011 -- -- 0.013 0.009
20:1 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
22:1 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated g 0.143 -- -- 0.172 0.120
18:2 undifferentiated g 0.105 -- -- 0.126 0.088
18:3 undifferentiated g 0.038 -- -- 0.046 0.032
18:4 g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
20:4 undifferentiated g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
20:5 n-3 (EPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
22:5 n-3 (DPA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
22:6 n-3 (DHA) g 0.000 -- -- 0.000 0.000
Cholesterol mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Other
Alcohol, ethyl g 0.0 -- -- 0.0 0.0
Caffeine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Theobromine mg 0 -- -- 0 0
Flavonoids
Proanthocyanidin

Nutrient Data Laboratory, ARS, USDA National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program Wave 5h , 2001  Beltsville MD

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Vegan FlagThe above recipe is in keeping with God's creation intent (Genesis 1:29-31): 'Then God said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground-- everything that has the breath of life in it-- I give every green plant for food." And it was so. God saw all that he had made, and it was very good.' (NIV) Let no animal suffer or die that we may live!