Ginger
Ingredients: Descriptions and Photos

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Ingredients: Descriptions and Photos
Ginger

(Ginger)  Ginger is a tuber that is consumed whole as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It is the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale.  Fresh ginger can be substituted for ground ginger at a ratio of 6 to 1 (1/4 cup ginger root = 2 tsp ground ginger), although the flavors of fresh and dried ginger are somewhat different. Ginger is native to Southern Asia and has long been a staple addition to Asian cuisines, but its use has spread around the world. The characteristic odor and flavor of ginger is caused by a mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols, volatile oils that compose one to three percent of the weight of fresh ginger, mature ginger having the higher percentage.  See the nutritional chart below.

Ginger root, raw

Refuse: 7%  (Scrapings)
Scientific Name:  Zingiber officinale
NDB No: 11216 (Nutrient values and weights are for edible portion)

Nutrient Units Value per
100 grams
Number
of Data
Points
Std.
Error
1.00 X 0.25 cup slices (1" dia)
-------
24g
Proximates
Water
g
78.89
5
0.000
18.93
Energy
kcal
80
0
0.000
19
Energy
kJ
333
0
0.000
80
Protein
g
1.82
5
0.000
0.44
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.75
3
0.000
0.18
Ash
g
0.77
2
0.000
0.18
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
17.77
0
0.000
4.26
Fiber, total dietary
g
2.0
0
0.000
0.5
Sugars, total
g
1.70
0
0.000
0.41
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
16
3
0.000
4
Iron, Fe
mg
0.60
3
0.000
0.14
Magnesium, Mg
mg
43
2
0.000
10
Phosphorus, P
mg
34
3
0.000
8
Potassium, K
mg
415
2
0.000
100
Sodium, Na
mg
13
2
0.000
3
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.34
1
0.000
0.08
Copper, Cu
mg
0.226
1
0.000
0.054
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.229
1
0.000
0.055
Selenium, Se
mcg
0.7
0
0.000
0.2
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
5.0
1
0.000
1.2
Thiamin
mg
0.025
3
0.000
0.006
Riboflavin
mg
0.034
3
0.000
0.008
Niacin
mg
0.750
3
0.000
0.180
Pantothenic acid
mg
0.203
1
0.000
0.049
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.160
1
0.000
0.038
Folate, total
mcg
11
1
0.000
3
Folic acid
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Folate, food
mcg
11
1
0.000
3
Folate, DFE
mcg_DFE
11
0
0.000
3
Choline, total
mg
28.8
0
0.000
6.9
Vitamin B-12
mcg
0.00
1
0.000
0.00
Vitamin B-12, added
mcg
0.00
0
0.000
0.00
Vitamin A, RAE
mcg_RAE
0
0
0.000
0
Retinol
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Carotene, beta
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Carotene, alpha
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Cryptoxanthin, beta
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Vitamin A, IU
IU
0
0
0.000
0
Lycopene
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Lutein + zeaxanthin
mcg
0
0
0.000
0
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
0.26
0
0.000
0.06
Vitamin E, added
mg
0.00
0
0.000
0.00
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)
mcg
0.0
0
0.000
0.0
Vitamin D
IU
0
0
0.000
0
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
mcg
0.1
0
0.000
0.0
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.203
0
0.000
0.049
4:0
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
6:0
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
8:0
g
0.007
1
0.000
0.002
10:0
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
12:0
g
0.039
1
0.000
0.009
14:0
g
0.018
1
0.000
0.004
16:0
g
0.120
1
0.000
0.029
18:0
g
0.017
1
0.000
0.004
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.154
0
0.000
0.037
16:1 undifferentiated
g
0.021
1
0.000
0.005
18:1 undifferentiated
g
0.119
1
0.000
0.029
20:1
g
0.007
1
0.000
0.002
22:1 undifferentiated
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.154
0
0.000
0.037
18:2 undifferentiated
g
0.120
1
0.000
0.029
18:3 undifferentiated
g
0.034
1
0.000
0.008
18:4
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
20:4 undifferentiated
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
20:5 n-3 (EPA)
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
22:5 n-3 (DPA)
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
22:6 n-3 (DHA)
g
0.000
0
0.000
0.000
Cholesterol
mg
0
1
0.000
0
Phytosterols
mg
15
1
0.000
4
Amino acids
Tryptophan
g
0.012
1
0.000
0.003
Threonine
g
0.036
1
0.000
0.009
Isoleucine
g
0.051
1
0.000
0.012
Leucine
g
0.074
1
0.000
0.018
Lysine
g
0.057
1
0.000
0.014
Methionine
g
0.013
1
0.000
0.003
Cystine
g
0.008
1
0.000
0.002
Phenylalanine
g
0.045
1
0.000
0.011
Tyrosine
g
0.020
1
0.000
0.005
Valine
g
0.073
1
0.000
0.018
Arginine
g
0.043
1
0.000
0.010
Histidine
g
0.030
1
0.000
0.007
Alanine
g
0.031
1
0.000
0.007
Aspartic acid
g
0.208
1
0.000
0.050
Glutamic acid
g
0.162
1
0.000
0.039
Glycine
g
0.043
1
0.000
0.010
Proline
g
0.041
1
0.000
0.010
Serine
g
0.045
1
0.000
0.011
Other
Alcohol, ethyl
g
0.0
0
0.000
0.0
Caffeine
mg
0
0
0.000
0
Theobromine
mg
0
0
0.000
0
USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23 (2010)